Human Rights and African Abortion Laws: A Handbook for Judges

Congratulations to Prof. Charles Ngwena and the Ipas Africa Alliance upon the publication of this concise guide, Human Rights and African Abortion Laws which judges can use to interpret and apply domestic abortion laws, taking into account global and regional human rights standards.   The Table of Contents, reproduced below, provides a more detailed overview of this useful resource:

HUMAN RIGHTS AND AFRICAN ABORTION LAWS:
A  HANDBOOK  FOR  JUDGES

by Prof. Charles Ngwena  (Nairobi, Kenya:  Ipas Africa Alliance, 2014) 85 pages, online hereDirect link to PDF

I   INTRODUCING THE HANDBOOK
1.1      Introduction
1.2      Purpose of the handbook
1.3      Role of the courts
1.4      Women’s rights in the age of constitutionalism and human rights
1.5      Structure of the handbook

II.   THE BURDEN OF PREVENTABLE UNSAFE ABORTION IN THE SUB-SAHARAN REGION
2.1     Introduction
2.2    Scale and health consequences of unsafe abortion
2.3   Costs of unsafe abortion

III.   HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF DOMESTIC LAWS IN AFRICA
3.1 Historical development
3.2 Abortion law in European colonies in Africa (non- British colonies)
3.3 Abortion law in British colonies in Africa
3.4 Section 58 of the Offences Against the Person Act of 1861 and the Bourne case
3.5 The significance of the Bourne case

IV.     CURRENT DOMESTIC ABORTION LAWS IN AFRICA
4.1    Introduction
4.2    Sources of abortion law
4.3    Overview of current abortion laws
4.4    Abortion and the constitution
——–4.4.1    Uganda and Zimbabwe
——–4.4.2    Swaziland and Kenya
4.5  Untested abortion laws
4.6  Linking abortion laws with unsafe abortion
4.7  Abortions laws as barriers

V.     APPLYING HUMAN RIGHTS TO FRAME, INTERPRET AND APPLY DOMESTIC ABORTION LAWS
5.1  Introduction
5.2  Global developments
——–5.2.1    Global consensus statements
——–
5.2.2    Treaty-monitoring bodies and special rapporteurs of the United Nations
——–
5.2.3    Decisions of treaty monitoring bodies under optional protocols
——–
5.2.4    World Health Organization: Technical and policy Guidance
5.3  Regional developments
——–5.3.1    African regional developments
——–
5.3.2    Human rights developments in the European and the Inter-American regions 

VI.    ABORTION AND COMPARATIVE LAW
6.1    Introduction
6.2    Interpreting the life ground
6.3    Interpreting the health ground
6.4    Foetal rights
6.5    Criminalisation of abortion
6.6    Spousal consent requirements
6.7    Parental consent requirements
6.8    Conscientious objection by auxiliary workers
6.9    Conscientious objection by judges

VII.       CASE STUDIES: STATE OBLIGATIONS TO RESPECT, PROTECT AND FULFIL WOMEN’S RIGHTS TO ABORTION
7.1    Introduction
7.2    Case study 1: Abortion law reform with human rights principles
——–7.2.1 Introduction
7.3 Case study 2: A challenge to a restrictive abortion law
——–7.3.1    Introduction        

BIBLIOGRAPHY

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Human Rights and African Abortion Laws: A Handbook for Judges (85 pages): is online hereDirect link to PDF.

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