REPROHEALTHLAW Updates – Sept 2018

September 30, 2018

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DEVELOPMENTS

[UN – CEDAW and CRPD] “Guaranteeing sexual and reproductive health and rights for all women, in particular women with disabilities,”   Joint statement by the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) and the Committee on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), 29 August 2018.  Decriminalize abortion, repeal discriminatory health policies and abortion laws that perpetuate deep-rooted stereotypes and stigma and undermine women’s reproductive autonomy and choice.    PDF online.

CALL FOR PAPERS:

“The Impact of Politics on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights,” for publication in Reproductive Health Matters, May 2019.  Submissions due October 31, 2018.  RHM Call for papers

SCHOLARSHIP:

[abortion law – Brazil]    “Brazilian Supreme Court Public Hearing on the Decriminalization of Abortion:   Antecedents, Contents, Meanings” by Sonia Corrêa  (published by Sexuality Policy Watch, 2018)  27 pages PDF     Direct download.

[abortion law – Brazil]  Testimony by Prof. Rebecca Cook . . .against Unsafe Abortion in the Public Hearing of the Brazilian Supreme Court, caso ADPF 442, Brasilia, August 3, 2018.   English original.    em Portugues do Brasil.   Testimonio – Espanol traducido por CLACAI (Consorcio Latinoamericano contra el aborto inseguro).    Uno otro en Espanol.  

[abortion law – El Salvador] “Physicians’ Challenges under El Salvador’s Criminal Abortion Prohibition,” by Alyson Zureick, Amber Khan, Angeline Chen and Astrid Reyes. forthcoming International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, October2018  Early view PDF.   Submitted text online at SSRN.

[abortion law – Malawi] “The Duty to make abortion law transparent:  A Malawi case study,”  by Godfrey Dalitso Kangaude and Chisale Mhango, forthcoming International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics,     Early view PDF.

Abortion Law in Transnational Perspective: Cases and Controversies, ed. Rebecca Cook, Joanna Erdman and Bernard Dickens (Philadelphia: Univ. Pennsylvania Press, 2014) 20% discount code is PH70.  Abstracts of all 16 chapters.   Spanish edition by FCE/CIDE – 16 abstractsAbortion Decisions: Table of Cases in English and Spanish.

[abortion policy] “The Philippines rolls back advancements in the postabortion care policy,” by Melissa Upreti and Jihan Jacob,  International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 142 (August 2018): 255–256.   PDF onlineSubmitted text  at SSRN.

[abortion policies] “Access to knowledge and the Global Abortion  Policies Database,”  by Joanna N. Erdman and Brooke Ronald Johnson Jr.  International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, July 2018; 142: 120–124   PDF at Wiley online.   Submitted text at SSRN.

[Africanness, including sexuality],  What is Africanness?: Contesting nativism in culture, race and sexualities, peer-reviewed book by Charles G. Ngwena (Pretoria University Law Press, 2018) 306 pages.  “Part 3: Heterogeneous Sexualities” – chapter abstracts.    Entire book open access at PULP.     Table of Contents.   Overview, Comments from scholars,  PDFs of all chapters.

[Brazil – obstetric care, maternal mortality /morbidity, Alyne case]  “Implementing international human rights recommendations to improve obstetric care in Brazil,” by Alicia E Yamin, Beatriz Galli and Sandra Valongueiro.   International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 143.1 (October 2018): 114-120    Abstract online in English and Portuguese. English PDF for institutional subscribers.

[CEDAW]”The Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women” by Rebecca J. Cook and Cusack, Simone Cusack.  In Tara Van Ho and Nigel Rodley, eds, Research Handbook on Human Rights Institutions and Enforcement (Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd, Forthcoming).  Submitted text archived online.

[conscience]  Unconscionable: When Providers Deny Abortion Care  Report of the International Women’s Health Coalition, 2018, based on the first global meeting on the topic of “conscientious objection,” held in Montevideo, Uruguay in August 2017.    8-page report.

[intersex, gender] “Management of intersex newborns: Legal and ethical developments,by Bernard M. Dickens, forthcoming International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 2018.   Early View PDF.

[self-managed abortion] “Understandings of self-managed abortion as health inequity, harm reduction and social change,” by Joanna N. Erdman, Kinga Jelinska and Susan Yanow. Forthcoming in Reproductive Health Matters. Early view PDF.

[strategic litigation] Seeking Social Change in the Courts: Tools for Strategic Advocacy, by Mónica Roa with Barbara Klugman (Women’s Link Worldwide, 2018) practical tool for advocates from all social justice fields who are interested in using the courts and understanding “strategic litigation”  160 pages, PDF online..

ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHIES:

“The Right to Conscience” – An Annotated Bibliography.   (Toronto: International Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Program,
Faculty of Law, University of Toronto, 2018)  Conscience bibliography

Indications for abortion: new annotated bibliographies:

  • Fetal Anomaly:  Annotated Bibliography on legal aspects of fetal anomaly and their implications for counseling, service delivery and abortion laws and policies (Toronto: International Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Program, Faculty of Law, University of Toronto, 2018).  Fetal anomaly bibliography
  • Rape-related abortion:  Legal and policy dimensions of rape-related abortion services (Court decisions, Treaty resources, policy guidance and publications. ) (Toronto: International Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Program, Faculty of Law, University of Toronto, 2018).  Rape or Incest bibliography 
  • Causal Violacion y/o incesto:  Selección de doctrina y jurisprudencia latinoamericanas sobre Causal violación y/o incesto en casos de aborto (Rape or Incest bibliography in Spanish)  (Toronto: El Programa Internacional de Derecho en Salud Sexual y Reproductivas Facultad de Derecho, Universidad de Toronto, 2018)

US-focused news, resources, and legal developments are available  on Repro Rights Prof Blog.   View or subscribe.


JOBS

Links to employers in the field of Reproductive and Sexual Health Law are online here
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Compiled by the Coordinator of the International Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Program, reprohealth*law at utoronto.ca For Program publications and resources, see our website, online here. TO JOIN THIS BLOG: enter your email address in upper right corner of this webpage, then check your email to confirm the subscription.

 

 

 

 


The Philippines rolls back advances in postabortion care policy

September 30, 2018

Many thanks to Melissa Upreti and Jihan Jacob for their update on Philippine post-abortion care policy, published in the International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics.  We are pleased to circulate the reference and abstract:

Melissa Upreti and Jihan Jacob, “The Philippines rolls back advancements in the postabortion care policy,”  International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics August 2018; 142: 255–256.   PDF online  Submitted text  at SSRN.

Abstract:  In 2018, the Philippines announced a postabortion care policy that rolls back crucial
safeguards aimed at protecting women who seek medical treatment for postabortion
complications from discrimination and abuse. It replaces another policy that was introduce in 2016, following years of advocacy by national and international advocates who were concerned about the mistreatment of women seeking postabortion care due to discriminatory practices in the health system and abortion stigma. The new policy is narrower in scope than the previous policy and reinforces abortion stigma by emphasizing the legal prohibition on abortion, failing to clarify that women seeking postabortion care need not be reported to the authorities, and not recognizing the availability of complaint mechanisms for women who are mistreated. These and other crucial gaps put the new policy at risk of being in violation of ethical standards of medical care and guarantees of human rights.

KEYWORDS
Abortion; Criminal behavior; Discrimination; Ethical standards; Mistreatment of patients;  Philippines policy reform; Postabortion care; Stigma.

Full text:    PDF online  Submitted text  at SSRN.:

Previous article: “The Philippines’ New Postabortion Care Policy,” by Melissa Upreti and Jihan Jacob.   International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 141.2 (May 2018): 268-275.  PDF at Wiley onlineSubmitted text online at SSRN.

RELATED RESOURCES

Publications by Philippine NGOs: EnGendeRights and Pinsan, the Philippine Safe Abortion Advocacy Network  Philippines postabortion care policy resources.

Saving Women’s Lives:   National Policy on the Prevention and Management of Abortion Complications (DOH AO No. 2016-0041)   Frequently Asked Questions, by EnGenderRights and PINSAN, Dec 2017.  Download 36 pages.

Policy Brief: Access to Safe and Legal Abortion and Post-Abortion Care Can Save
Filipino Women’s Lives, by Clara Rita Padilla  (EnGendeRights, December 2016).

Fact Sheets:  “Safe and Legal Abortion Saves Women’s Lives”  by Clara Rita Padilla (EnGendeRights, Dec. 2016):
1.  Public Health Concerns and Social Costs of Lack of Access to Safe and Legal Abortion and Post-Abortion Care.    Fact Sheet 1
2. Liberalizing Abortion Laws Will Save Women’s Lives: Asian, Predominantly Catholic Countries, and Former Spanish colonies Allowing safe and Legal Abortion; The Philippine Constitution Allows Access to Safe and Legal Abortion  Fact Sheet 2.
3. Philippine Constitutional Guarantees, Comparative Law, International and Regional Human Rights Standards Support the Right to Safe and Legal AbortionFact sheet 3.

Ethical and Legal Issues in Reproductive Health – 86+ concise articles published in the International Journal of Gynecology and ObstetricsEthical/Legal articles.

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Compiled by the Coordinator of the International Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Program, reprohealth*law at utoronto.ca For Program publications and resources, see our website, online here. TO JOIN THIS BLOG: enter your email address in upper right corner of this webpage, then check your email to confirm the subscription.


Access to knowledge and the Global Abortion Policies Database

September 30, 2018

Congratulations to Joanna N. Erdman and Brooke R. Johnson Jr., who recently published an article in the Ethical and Legal Issues section of the International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics.  Prof. Joanna Erdman teaches Law at Dalhousie University and Brooke R. Johnson the World Health Organization’s Department of Health and Research and manages the WHO’s Global Abortion Policies Database.

“Access to knowledge and the Global Abortion Policies Database,”  by Joanna Erdman, Brooke Ronald Johnson.  International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics  2018; 142: 120–124   PDF at Wiley online.   Submitted text online at SSRN.

Research shows that women, healthcare providers, and even policy makers worldwide have limited or inaccurate knowledge of the abortion law and policies in their country. These knowledge gaps sometimes stem from the vague and broad terms of the law, which breed uncertainty and even conflict when unaccompanied by accessible regulation or guidelines. Inconsistency across national law and policy further impedes safe and evidence‐based practice. This lack of transparency creates a crisis of accountability. Those seeking care cannot know their legal entitlements, service providers cannot practice with legal protection, and governments can escape legal responsibility for the adverse effects of their laws. This is the context for the newly launched Global Abortion Policies Database—an open‐access repository that seeks to promote transparency and state accountability by providing clear and comprehensive information about national laws, policies, health standards, and guidelines, and by creating the capacity for comparative analysis and cross‐referencing to health indicators, WHO recommendations, and human rights standards.

The published article  can temporarily be downloaded in PDF at Wiley online.
Full text, as submitted, is online at SSRN.
Ethical and Legal Issues in Reproductive Health: 85+ concise articles.


Compiled by the Coordinator of the International Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Program, reprohealth*law at utoronto.ca For Program publications and resources, see our website, online here. TO JOIN THIS BLOG: enter your email address in upper right corner of this webpage, then check your email to confirm the subscription.


Rape or Incest as indications for abortion: – updated bibliography

August 15, 2018

We are pleased to announce our new series of bibliographies on “Indications for Abortion, with newly updated bibliographies on Rape or Incest (English),     Rape or Incest (Spanish)Fetal anomaly (English), and Conscientious Objection.

We are immensely grateful to University of Toronto Law students Michelle Hayman, Hanna Kofman, Jacqueline Stroz , Mercedes Cavallo and Saul Moshé-Steinberg for helping develop the English bibliography on Rape or Incest, and to Marge Berer, Millicent Bogert and Jaime Todd-Gher for insightful comments on previous drafts.  A Table of Contents is provided below.

LEGAL AND POLICY DIMENSIONS OFRAPE-RELATED ABORTION SERVICES
(COURT DECISIONS, TREATY RESOURCES, POLICY GUIDANCE and PUBLICATIONS)
A working Bibliography prepared by the International Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Program, Faculty of Law, University of Toronto

TABLE OF CONTENTS:
Introduction
Court Decisions
Treaty Resources: Regional and International Treaty Bodies
– Decisions, Comments and Observations:
           Regional
           Friendly Settlement
           Precautionary Measures
           International
Policy Guidance
           Domestic
           International
Databases legislation and countries that allow abortion in cases of rape
Publications
           Articles and Book Chapters
           Reports and Resources
                      Governmental Bodies
                      Non-Governmental Organizations
Acknowledgments

LINKS to new Annotated Bibliographies:
Rape or Incest indication for abortion
Rape or Incest indication for abortion (Spanish)
Fetal anomaly indication for abortion   
The Right to Conscience.
_____________________________________________________________________________
Compiled by
the Coordinator of the International Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Program, reprohealth*law at utoronto.ca For Program publications and resources, see our website, online here. TO JOIN THIS BLOG: enter your email address in upper right corner of this webpage, then check your email to confirm the subscription.


The Philippines: New post-abortion care policy

May 31, 2018

Congratulations to Melissa Upreti and Jihan Jacob, whose useful article has been published in the Ethical and Legal Issues section of the International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics.   We are pleased to circulate the abstract.

Melissa Upreti and Jihan Jacob, “The Philippines’ new postabortion care policy,” International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 141.2 (May 2018): 268-275.
DOI link.  PDF online for 12 monthsSubmitted text at SSRN

Abstract:  In 2000, a Philippine policy clarifying the legality of medical treatment for women with postabortion complications was introduced to address unsafe abortion as a leading cause of maternal death, and reports of discrimination and abuse by healthcare providers against women who had abortions illegally. Despite its initial success as a pilot program, the policy’s implementation and expansion were not prioritized. The incidence of unsafe abortion has increased over the years and, in 2009, the right to postabortion care was codified in national law, yet the mistreatment and abuse of women has continued in violation of medical ethics and the law. In 2016, following the demands of advocates and recommendations from national and international human rights bodies, the government introduced a new policy to strengthen the national framework for postabortion care, clarifying the legal and ethical duties of health service providers and offering women formal avenues for redress against abuse. The new policy offers useful guidance for countries that are contemplating new ways to strengthen the quality of postabortion care services in accordance with recognized standards of medical ethics and human rights.

Key words:  Abortion, Accountability of service providers, Discrimination against Post‐abortion patients, Mistreatment of patients, Philippines policy reform, Post-abortion care.

The published article is online in PDF at Wiley Library.
Full text, as submitted,  is online at SSRN.
Ethical and Legal Issues in Reproductive Health: 80+ concise articles.


Compiled by the Coordinator of the International Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Program, reprohealth*law at utoronto.ca For Program publications and resources, see our website, online here. TO JOIN THIS BLOG: enter your email address in upper right corner of this webpage, then check your email to confirm the subscription.


“Narrativas sobre la personalidad jurídica prenatal en la regulación del aborto,” por Alejandro Madrazo Lajous

December 20, 2017
[Narratives of Prenatal Personhood in Abortion Law]

Alejandro Madrazo Lajous, “Narrativas sobre la personalidad jurídica prenatal en la regulación del aborto” El aborto en el derecho transnacional: Casos y controversias, editoras/es  Rebecca J. Cook, Joanna N. Erdman, y Bernard M. Dickens (FCE/CIDE, 2016) págs. 415-437: en españolen inglés.

Si bien la cuestión de la personalidad jurídica prenatal ha estado presente durante mucho tiempo en las discusiones jurídicas relacionadas con el aborto, las iniciativas legislativas y decisiones judiciales recientes parecen decirnos que su importancia será cada vez mayor.

En este anteúltimo capitulo de El aborto en el derecho transnacional: Casos y controversiasAlejandro Madrazo examina el significado  de  los  debates  jurídicos  en  México y otros países sobre la condición de persona del feto en relación con el ejercicio de las mujeres de sus derechos reproductivos. Su preocupación no descansa en asuntos estrictos de interpretación jurídica, sino en el papel que desempeñan en la formulación de debates públicos sobre el aborto. Dejar de lado la cuestión fundamental sobre la condición de persona del feto puede tener consecuencias catastróficas para los derechos de las mujeres en general y para sus derechos sexuales y reproductivos en particular, en parte al facilitar el uso del derecho penal en vez del derecho constitucional como modalidad de razonamiento.

Además, la  protección  de  la  personalidad  jurídica  del no nacido usualmente no es utilizada de forma crítica por sus proponentes, sino que  más  bien  es  un  argumento  para  justificar  las  restricciones  que  se  oponen a los derechos sexuales y reproductivos de las mujeres y, más específicamente, para obstaculizar su derecho a decidir. Los argumentos sobre la condición  de  persona  del  feto  permiten  narrativas  simplificadas  centradas en el acto del aborto más que en las circunstancias de las mujeres que dan lugar a embarazos no deseados.

En este capítulo, Prof. Madrazo se propone abordar las consecuencias de otorgar el estatus jurídico de Persona a la vida prenatal, a partir de un estudio de lo que ha ocurrido recientemente en varios países de América Latina, principalmente. Sus preguntas son: ¿cuáles son las consecuencias de concebir la vida prenatal, en sus diferentes etapas, como una “persona” desde la perspectiva jurídica? ¿Cuáles son las consecuencias cuando se le niega esa condición?

 El aborto en el derecho transnacional: casos y controversias:  en español    en inglés.      Sumario y Índice General
Descargar: Reseña del libro en Andamios, por Diego Garcia Ricci
Introducción y Prólogo. 

Otros capitulos de la cuarta parte del libro:
—Lisa Kelly, El tratamiento de las narrativas del sufrimiento inocente en el litigio transnacional del aborto”  págs. 383-414.   Resumen.

—Rebecca Cook, “Significados estigmatizados del derecho penal sobre el aborto,” págs. 438-467  Resumen.

Tabla de Casos/Jurisprudencia sobre aborto, con enlaces a muchas de las decisiones judiciales

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“La lucha contra las normas informales que regulaban el aborto en Argentina,” por Paola Bergallo

September 29, 2017
[For Abstracts of original English edition, click here]

El aborto en el derecho transnacional: Casos y controversias fue publicado en agosto de 2016 por el Fondo de Cultura Económica y el Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas.

Bergallo, Paola, “La lucha contra las normas informales que regulaban el aborto en Argentina,” Capitulo 7 en El aborto en el derecho transnacional: Casos y controversias, editores/as Rebecca J. Cook, Joanna N. Erdman y Bernard M. Dickens (México, D.F.: FCE/CIDE, 2016).  187-217.  en españolen inglés.

Paola Bergallo analiza el giro procesal en el contexto argentino a través de la disputa entre el derecho formal y las normas informales del acceso al aborto. En su recuento, la autora demuestra que la oposición conservadora hace uso de normas informales socavando constantemente las causas legales para acceder a los servicios de aborto, lo que lleva a una prohibición de facto. Bergallo explica las dificultades de los ministerios, al utilizar guías técnicas de procedimiento y sentencias judiciales sobre implementación, para garantizar la provisión del aborto mediante el derecho formal. La autora explora las maneras en que esta lucha para implementar las indicaciones legales para el aborto podría llevar a un cambio gradual en la concepción del Estado de derecho, dando cuenta de un suelo fértil para avanzar hacia la despenalización. El capítulo demuestra que las guías no han superado aún los aspectos impracticables de la regulación del aborto mediante causales legales, y concluye que el giro procesal en Argentina quizá demuestre, en última instancia, que su mayor potencial yace en que refuerza la demanda normativa por la despenalización.

El aborto en el derecho transnacional: casos y controversias es disponible en español    en inglés   y dos capítulos en portugués: Capítulo 2.    Capítulo 4
Descargar: Reseña del libro en Andamios, por Diego Garcia Ricci      
Introducción y Prólogo.
Índice con resúmenes de otros capítulos

Tabla de Casos/Jurisprudencia en línea con enlaces a muchas de las decisiones judiciales
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Únete a este blog aquí.     Participe de este blog aquí.       Join REPROHEALTHLAW blog