AFRICA: Legal Grounds III: Reproductive and Sexual Rights in Sub-Saharan African Courts – 54 case summaries

February 14, 2017

2017_legal_grounds

by: Godfrey Kangaude, Onyema Afulukwe, Guy-Fleury Ntwari, et al.
Foreword by Prof. Charles G. Ngwena
PULP (Pretoria University Law Press) 2017
Download entire 228 page book online.
Online edition with links to decisions
Printable flyer with Table of Contents
Previous volumes
.

Reproductive and sexual rights, which are guaranteed in constitutions and in international and regional human rights treaties, have no impact if they are not recognized and enforced by national-level courts. Legal Grounds: Sexual and Reproductive Rights in Sub-Saharan African Courts Volume III continues to provide much-needed information about whether and how national courts of African countries apply constitutional and human rights to protect reproductive and sexual rights. The case summaries, significance sections, and thematic highlights serve as useful resources for those seeking to further develop litigation, advocacy, and capacity- building strategies.

Like its predecessors, Legal Grounds: Reproductive and Sexual Rights in Sub-Saharan African Courts – Volume III is a tool for organizations, individuals, and institutions of learning. The scope of this third volume has been widened beyond Commonwealth African countries to include cases from Francophone countries, while focusing more exclusively on court decisions related to reproductive and sexual health. This compelling publication contributes towards a knowledge base of court decisions that bear directly or indirectly on the exercise of reproductive and sexual health as constitutional and human rights in Africa.
228 page book onlinePrevious volumes Printable flyer with Table of Contents.

TABLE OF CONTENTS:
Foreword, Introduction, Acknowledgments
Children and Adolescents
—Child, Forced and Early Marriage
—Female Genital Mutilation legal-grounds/
—Sexual Abuse, Assault and Violence
—Consensual Sexual Conduct
—Student Pregnancy
—Maternal Health Care and Services
Abortion and Fetal Interests
—Abortion
—Wrongful Birth or Life
Adoption and Surrogacy
—Adoption
—Surrogacy
Gender, Sexuality, Women and Discrimination
—Rape
—Disability, Sexuality and Criminal Law
—Women and Criminal Law
—Legal Recognition of Intersexuality
—Gender Identity
—Sexual Orientation
—Recognition of LGBTIQ Advocacy and Groups
HIV
—Access to Treatment
—Criminalisation of Transmission
—Forced Sterilization
—Discrimination in Employment
Francophone Africa / L’Afrique Francophone
—Adultery, Polygamy, Infanticide
Appendices – Table of Cases, Online Resources, Endnotes

HIGHLIGHTS BY AFRICAN AUTHORS:
Child Marriage: Legal and Socio-Cultural Aspects, by Godfrey Kangaude
Adolescent Consensual Sexual Conduct, by Godfrey Kangaude
Sexual Abuse, Assault and Violence, by Victoria Balogun
Maternal Health Care and Services, by Tinyade Kachika
Abortion and Fetal Interests, by Onyema Afulukwe
Adoption and Surrogacy, by Ronaldah Lerato Karabo Ozah
Gender, Sexuality, Women and Discrimination, by MaryFrances Lukera
Criminalisation of HIV Non-Disclosure, Exposure and Transmission, by Jacinta Nyachae
Sexual and Reproductive Rights of Women Living with HIV, by Ebenezer Durojaye
Towards Respect for Human Diversity, by Godfrey Kangaude

COUNTRIES:  Benin, Botswana, Kenya, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Uganda,  Zambia, Zimbabwe

228 page book online.  Previous volumes.
Printable flyer with Table of Contents.


REPROHEALTHLAW Updates

May 12, 2016

SUBSCRIBE TO REPROHEALTHLAW: To receive these updates monthly by email, enter your address in upper right corner of this webpage, then check your email to confirm the subscription.

DEVELOPMENTS

GENDER JUSTICE UNCOVERED AWARDS – Vote on the Best and Worst judgments of 2015, gathered by Women’s Link Worldwide.  Decisions are attached!  Vote by May 30, 2016.  To review this year’s nominees, click on “Cases”.

PERU: re the historic case of  K.L. v. Peru: As a teenager in 2001, K.L.was denied abortion of an anencephalic fetus who died soon after birth. The UN CEDAW Committee stated that her human rights had been violated.   In 2016, she has received financial compensation.   News report.

RWANDA – access to legal abortion for raped 13-year-old denied by first court, then allowed on appeal.    Judgment of October 30 2015, official English translation, redacted to preserve privacy. Rwandan juvenile abortion decision.

UGANDA – Preventable Maternal Deaths – 3 decisions Overview on Reprohealthlaw Blog.

Center for Health Human Rights and Development (CEHURD) and 3 Others v Attorney General [2012], Constitutional Petition No. 16 of 2011 (Constitutional Court of Uganda at Kampala). Preventable maternal deaths were dismissed as a “political” matter.  Decision online.  Case Summary and Analysis by Nthabiseng Lelisa and Godfrey Kangaude.

Center for Health, Human Rights and Development & 3 Others  v Attorney General.  [2015], Constitutional Appeal No. 01 of 2013 (Supreme Court of Uganda at Kampala) [Uganda Supreme Court orders Constitutional Court to hear a petition on maternal health rights violations.]  Decision online.  Case summary and analysis by Godfrey Kangaude. 

Center for Health, Human Rights and Development & 4 Others  v Nakaseke District Local Administration [2015], Civil Suit No. 111 of 2012 (High Court of Uganda at Kampala). [Ugandan High Court finds human rights violations where a pregnant woman died of a ruptured uterus and blood loss while in labour.] Decision online. Case summary and Analysis by Godfrey Kangaude 

EDUCATIONAL FUNDING

Comparative Program on Health and Society at the University of Toronto, Canada, invites applications for 2016-2017.  Complete applications due May 30, 2016.    Doctoral fellowships on “Health and human rights” and “Social determinants of health”: Doctoral fellowships.   Research Associate fellowship

O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law, Georgetown University Law Center in Washington, DC.   – Associate position for law graduates, to work on domestic and global health law and policy projects. Apply by May 31, 2016  Associate position for law graduates

RESOURCES

[abortion – anti-choice strategy, United Kingdom]”A guerrilla strategy for a pro-life England,” by Sheelagh Mcguinness, 7.2 Law, Innovation and Technology 283-314. [how anti-abortion “guerrilla” strategies undermine reproductive rights]  Abstract and article.

[abortion and police]  Practical Guide for Partnering with Police on Abortion. The guide is for trainers and advocates, by Ipas, 2016.  Ipas Guide.

[abortion, zika virus – Brazil]  “Threats of retrocession in sexual and reproductive health policies in Brazil during the Zika epidemic,” [Ameaças de retrocesso nas políticas de saúde
sexual e reprodutiva no Brasil em tempos de epidemia de Zika] by Beatriz Galli and Suely Deslandes,   32.4 (2016) Cad. Saúde Pública (Rio de Janeiro)  Epub 19-Abr-2016  Portuguese original.  English translation.

[abortion, zika] “Using a Human Rights Accountability Framework to Respond to Zika,” by Beatriz Galli.  Health and Human Rights Journal blog, May 2, 2016.  Blog online.

[Conscientious objection by hospitals – new report] “Health Care Denied: Patients and Physicians Speak Out about Catholic Hospitals and the Threat to Women’s Health and Lives,” American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU and Merger Watch, 2016)  40-page report.   Faith-based restrictions at 550 US hospitals go far beyond abortion: news article.

[Conscientious objection by hospitals prohibited] “Healthcare responsibilities and Conscientious Objection”  by R. J. Cook, M. Arango Olaya and B.M. Dickens,  International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 104 (2009): 249-252.  English abstract and article. Spanish translation.

[Conscientious objection] “The Right to Conscience,” by Bernard M. Dickens in Abortion Law in Transnational Perspective: Cases and Controversies, ed. Rebecca J. Cook, Joanna N. Erdman and Bernard M. Dickens (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2014), 210-238. Book in EnglishSpanish translation.

Conscientious Objection: articles and projects related to the Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Programme of the University of Toronto  Updated List.

[forced treatment during pregnancy, e.g. caesarean births] New book: Autonomy and pregnancy: A comparative analysis of compelled obstetric intervention (2016), Samantha Halliday. Table of contents and excerpts at Googlebooks

US-focused news, resources, and legal developments are available on Repro Rights Prof Blog.  View or subscribe.

JOBS

Program Manager, Women’s Health and Equality in Latin America, Wyss Foundation, Washington DC,  Apply by May 31, 2016.  Job details.

Links to other employers in the field of Reproductive and Sexual Health Law are online here

______________
Compiled by the Coordinator of the International Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Program, reprohealth*law at utoronto.ca For Program publications and resources, see our website, online here. TO JOIN THIS BLOG: enter your email address in upper right corner of this webpage, then check your email to confirm the subscription.


REPROHEALTHLAW Updates: Decisions, Calls, Events and Scholarship

October 15, 2015

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October 15 2015

SUBSCRIBE TO REPROHEALTHLAW:  To receive these updates monthly by email, enter your address in upper right corner of this webpage, then check your email to confirm the subscription.

COURT DECISIONS

SPAIN  [Case of Tania and Veronica, Social Court 18, Madrid, October 2015]  Court rules that same-sex couple were unjustly denied artificial insemination.  Damages awarded from hospital  for denying treatment and the Local Health Authority for discrimination.  Judgment sets a precedent affirming that the hospital and the Local Authority should have applied the higher standing regulation as opposed to a lesser standing administrative decision from Spanish Ministry of Health which excludes assisted reproductive treatments in the public health system for all women without a male partner.  English press release from Women’s Link Worldwide   Details from Women’s Link Worldwide.   Spanish news report.

KENYA:    Lucy Nyambura & Another v Town Clerk, Municipal Council of Mombasa & 2 Others [2011] eKLR, Petition No. 286 of 2009 (High Court of Kenya).  Decision online.  Case summary/analysis by Godfrey Kangaude and Winnet Shamuyarira.  [Conviction for loitering for purposes of prostitution held constitutional.]

Republic v Jackson Namunya Tali [2014] eKLR, High Court Criminal Case No. 75 of 2009 (High Court of Kenya at Nairobi). Decision online.   Case summary/ analysis by Godfrey Kangaude and Annagrace Rwehumbiza.   [Kenyan High Court convicts nurse of murder over abortion related death. ]

NAMIBIA:    LM and Others v. Government of the Republic of Namibia, [2012] NAHC 211 (High Court of Namibia) Decision online.  Brief abstract by Andy Sprung.   New: Case summary/analysis by Godfrey Kangaude and Phillipa Tucker.    [Court found forced sterilization of women without informed consent; unproven link to HIV-positive status]

Government of the Republic of Namibia v L.M. & 2 Others [2014] NASC 19 (Supreme Court of Namibia). Decision onlineCase summary/analysis by Godfrey Kangaude and Philippa Tucker.  [Supreme Court links forced sterilisation to infringement of constitutional rights]

ZIMBABWE:   Mildred Mapingure v Minister Of Home Affairs and 2 Others [2014], Judgment No. SC 22/14, Civil Appeal No. SC 406/12 (Supreme Court of Zimbabwe). Decision online. Brief abstract by Michelle Hayman.   New:  Case summary/analysis by Godfrey Kangaude and Rudo Chigudu.   [State held liable for hindering access to emergency contraception, but not abortion]

The five case analyses mentioned above have been prepared for a new book,  Legal Grounds III:  Reproductive and Sexual Rights in Sub-Saharan African Courts, forthcoming 2016.  Decisions,  case summaries and previous volumes.    How you can help.


CALL FOR SUBMISSIONS

[HIV stigma in health care] UNAIDS seeks input from individuals and organizations who use tools to assess and/or address HIV-related stigma and discrimination in health care settings.    Inquiries? Contact: Program on Global Health and Human Rights, University of Southern California {uschealthhumanrights [at} gmail {dot] com.   Respond to online questionnaire by October 23, 2015 in  English    Spanish   Russian  Arabic.

EVENTS:

“What’s the Harm?: Understanding Reproductive Injustice” full day symposium at New York University School of Law on Friday, October 30, 2015 at 9:00am.  Symposium details;  Registration required.

El IV Congreso Latinoamericano Jurídico sobre Derechos Reproductivos Lima, Peru, November 2-4, 2015   Latin American Legal Congress.

SCHOLARSHIP AND RESOURCES:

Abortion is still illegal in the UK, thanks to this Victorian law ” by Sally Sheldon, The Conversation, Oct 6, 2015.  Article online.

Abortion Law in Transnational Perspective:  Cases and Controversies, ed. Rebecca J. Cook, Joanna N. Erdman and Bernard M. Dickens, 16 chapters.  University of Pennsylvania Press, 2014, 482 pages. Introduction by the editors. Table of Cases online  Table of ContentsPurchase from U Penn Press. A Spanish edition was published in August, 2016.  Ahora disponible en español.

“Conscientious Objection, Harm Reduction and Abortion Care,” by Ruth Fletcher , in Mary Donnelly and Claire Murray eds., Ethical, Legal and Policy Debates in Irish Healthcare: Confronting Complexities (Manchester University Press, 2015,  Abstract and chapter online.  Book forthcoming 2015

“Human-rights-based approaches to health in Latin America,” by Alicia Ely Yamin, Ariel Frisancho,  The Lancet, 385(9975), e26-e29, 4 April 2015   Abstract and article online.

Rwanda:  When Abortion is a Crime  (Ipas, Sept 2015) [research study based on case summaries and interviews with prisoners  28-page report

United Nations: Draft General Comment 36 on Article 6: Right to Life  now available for consideration by UN Human Rights Committee. CCPR/C/GC/R.36/Rev.2  Draft online.

Worldwide Abortion Policies, updated Oct 5, 2015.  Pew Research Center report.   “How abortion is regulated around the world”.

NEWS:

[Brazil – abortion]  “Sexual Politics in Brazil:  wider frontline to cope with.” by  Sonia Corrêa and Fábio Grotz *  Article online  [re current  bill to legalize abortion]

Rwanda:  “Government Moves to Ease Process of Seeking Legal Abortion”  by Rodrigue Rwirahira And Michel Nkurunziza.  Article online.

US-focused news, resources, and legal developments are available on Repro Rights Prof Blog. View or subscribe.

JOBS

Links to employers in the field of Reproductive and Sexual Health Law are online here

Compiled by the Coordinator of the International Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Program, reprohealth*law at utoronto.ca For Program publications and resources, see our website, online here. TO JOIN THIS BLOG: enter your email address in upper right corner of this webpage, then check your email to confirm the subscription.


Decisions, Conferences, Fellowships, Resources and Jobs

July 2, 2013

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July 2, 2013

DECISIONS

Canada: R v Levkovic  2013 SCC 25  Supreme Court, 3 May 2013, upheld the criminal law prohibiting disposing of dead body of child with intent to conceal its delivery whether child died before, during or after birth.
The law does not breach Charter rights.   Full text online.

Gender Justice Uncovered Awards 2013:  highlight Best and Worst decisions re gender equality.  Women’s Link Worldwide.

Best Decisions in the past year:

Mensah v. Mensah (Supreme Court of Ghana)  – equal distribution of assets at divorce.  Details here.

P. & S.  v. Poland – European Court of Human Rights found human rights violations regarding delayed abortion for raped girl.  Details here.     Further details and links.

Mmusi vs. Ramantele – The High Court of Botswana abolished a traditional property law and ruled that women equal right of inheritance  Details here.

CONFERENCES:

Conference on Rights of Women in Africa, Centre for Human Rights, University of Pretoria, South Africa.  Topics include:  Women and HIV, Access to Safe abortion, Women’s Repro Rights & role of resources, and Women’s Sexual rights   Travel & accommodation funding for authors of accepted papers. Submit abstracts by July 31, 2013.   Details here.

“Derecho a la vida: un dialogo sobre justicia, igualdad de genero y derechos reproductivos en America Latina.” Third Latin American Legal Congress on Reproductive Rights, Cuernavaca, Morelos – Mexico,
October 14-16, 2013. Conference website.

FELLOWSHIPS:

CIHR Graduate Fellowships in Health Law, Ethics and Policy
– for international and Canadian applicants pursuing a full-time master’s or doctoral degree in 2014-2015 at one of our four affiliated Canadian law schools.  Applicants must be accepted into the graduate program at any of following law schools:
Faculté de droit de l’Université de Sherbrooke
Faculty of Law, University of Alberta
Faculty of Law, University of Toronto
Schulich School of Law, Dalhousie University
Apply by March 2014.  Fellowship information.

RESOURCES

“Abortion and Conscientious Objection: The New Battleground”  by Anne O’Rourke , Lachlan De Crespigny, and Amanda Pyman,  Working paper.

“Abortion Law Around the World: Progress and Pushback,” by Louise Finer and Johanna B. Fine, April 2013, Vol 103, No. 4 | American Journal of Public Health 103.4 (April 2013): 585-9. Article online for subscribersAbstract

[abortion] Human rights versus legal control over women’s reproductive self-determination, by Diya Uberoi and Maria de Bruyn, in Health and Human Rights 15.1 (June 2013): 161- 174.  Article online.

[abortion ] Life Before Birth: The Moral and Legal Status of Embryos and Fetuses, by Bonnie Steinbock [pro-choice],  Oxford University Press, 2011, 2nd edition, 327 pages.
–Reviewed by Anna Smajdor in 21.2 Medical Law Review, June 2013: 327-335.  Academic subscribers click here.

[abortion]  “Remaking the case for a woman’s right to choose” by
Ann Furedi, bpas Reproductive Review, 26 April 2013.  Article online. 

[abortion]  “Sex equality arguments for reproductive rights: their critical basis and evolving constitutional expression, by Reva B. Siegel, in Gender & Equality Law, ed.  Julie Goldscheid (Ashgate, 2013).  Book information.

[abortion] “The global reproductive health and rights agenda: opportunities and challenges for the future,” by Laura Reichenbach,  in Gender & Equality Law, ed.  Julie Goldscheid (Ashgate, 2013).
Book information.

[abortion – Bolivia, Brazil, Argentina] “When Abortion is a Crime:  The Threat to Vulnerable Women in Latin America,” by G. Kane, B. Galli and P. Skuster  (Chapel Hill, NC: Ipas, 2013) 20-page report.

[abortion] Chilean Study asserting that restrictive abortion laws do not impact abortion-related maternal mortality has fundamental flaws.  English report  is now available in Spanish:   Spanish report.

[abortion – India]   Unsafe abortion: why restricting abortive drugs only makes a bad situation worse, BMJ (31 May 2013) Article online.

[abortion – Ireland] “Impossible Floodgates and Unworkable Analogies in the Irish Abortion Debate” by Fiona De Londras and Laura Graham,  Irish Journal of Legal Studies, Forthcoming. Article online.

[abortion – Ireland  and Catholic health policy] Termination of pregnancy as emergency obstetric care: the interpretation of Catholic health policy and the consequences for pregnant women: An analysis of the death of Savita Halappanavar in Ireland and similar cases, by Marge Berer, Reproductive Health Matters 21(41), May 2013,  9-17.  Abstract online.

[abortion – Mexico City] “Evolving capacity and decision-making in practice: adolescents’ access to legal abortion services in Mexico City,” by Jessie Clyde, Jennifer Bain, Kelly Castagnaro, Marcela Rueda, Carrie Tatum, Katherine Watson, Reproductive Health Matters 21(41), May 2013,  167-175.  Abstract online.

[abortion – Nigeria] “The Nigerian Woman and Reproductive Autonomy: A View of Autonomy as Empowerment” by Aniaka Angel-Jacinta Oluchi.   [includes discussion of abortion law reform proposals and attempts]  Working paper.

[abortion – sex selection] “Bans on Sex-Selective Abortions: How Far is Too Far?”  by Annie Moskovian, Hastings Constitutional Law Quarterly, Vol. 40, No. 2, 2013. Article online.

[abortion – Rwanda] “Advocating for safe abortion in Rwanda: how young people and the personal stories of young women in prison brought about change,”  by Chantal Umuhoza, Barbara Oosters, Miranda van Reeuwijk and Ine Vanwesenbeeck. Reproductive Health Matters 21(41), May 2013,  49-56.  Abstract online.

“Effective Access to Justice Against State and Non State Actors in the Framework Convention on Global Health,” by Martin Hevia, with  Carlos Herrera Vacaflor, Health & Human Rights 13 (June 2013).  Article online.

Gender and Equality Law, ed.  Julie Goldscheid (Ashgate, 2013).   Introduction online at SSRN.     Table of contents online.

Gender and Sexuality in Latin America – Cases and Decisions, ed. Cristina Motta & Macarena Saez,  (Springer, 2013) 323 pages.
English book details.    Download original Spanish edition.

Gender Justice Observatory from Women’s Link Worldwide- useful database to explore cases and strategies.  Gender Justice Observatory.

[HIV/AIDS] “CrowdOutAIDS: crowdsourcing youth perspectives for action.” by Mikaela Hildebrand, Claudia Ahumada, Sharon Watson,  Reproductive Health Matters 21.41 (May 2013):  57-68).  Abstract.

“Human Rights and Maternal Health: Exploring the Effectiveness of the Alyne Decision” by Rebecca J. Cook,  American Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 41.1 (Spring 2013): 103-123.  Abstract online.   Original English PDF is now online (click Save icon here, then “Save PDF”). 
New Portuguese translation is online here. 

Reproductive Rights Around the World:   The complete global map of laws governing abortion and birth control.  by Chris Kirk, Charanya Krishnaswami, Katie Mesner-Hage, and Skye Nickalls, in Slate (May 2013):  Map online.

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity (SOGI) database – presents examples of LGBT-friendly laws around the world.  Joint initiative by International Commission of Jurists and law students from the the International Human Rights Program at the University of Toronto’s Faculty of Law.   Access the database here.

Theses of graduates of our International Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Program at the Faculty of Law, University of Toronto – Abstracts online.

“Young People, Sex and Relationships” theme of Reproductive Health Matters 21(41), May 2013, includes papers from Australia, Bangladesh, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guatemala, India, Nicaragua, Rwanda,
South Africa, Tanzania, UK, USA, and Zambia.  Details online.

NEWS

Australia:  Abortion pill RU486 and three cancer drugs added to the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme.  News report

Bolivia:  “After jailing women, Bolivia weighs legalizing abortion”
by Gillian Kane, The Atlantic,  June 24 2013  Article online.

El Salvador:  Woman Denied Abortion Has Caesarean Section instead.  Anencephalic baby dies within hours.  News report.
UN experts urged El Salvador to reconsider abortion legislation, citing Constititutional court ruling against ill woman.  UN press release.
Where illegal abortion leads: A case in El Salvador shows the danger of restricting abortion. Editorial by Nancy Northup 

Ireland:  Irish abortion law confusion a key factor in death of Savita Halappanavar, official report finds  News report.

Macedonia: Parliament restricts abortion beyond 10 weeks of pregnancy.  News report.

UN Security Council Resolution 2106 addressing sexual violence in armed conflict, explicitly calls for humanitarian care to provide “non-discriminatory and comprehensive health services, including sexual and reproductive health.” Press release from the Global Justice Center.
Stop Rape press release.

Uruguay abortion law will not go to referendum. News report.
More details

US-focused news, resources, and legal developments are available on Repro Rights Prof Blog.  View or subscribe.

JOBS

Advocacy Program Officer, Latin American office of Planned Parenthood Global, in Miami, Florida. prefers law degree, and/or policy-related backgrounds.   Job details.

Director of Pro Bono Services, Center for Reproductive Rights, New York, USA, Apply by July 19, 2013.  Job details.

Global Health: Science and Practice (GHSP) “Job Opportunities” website – free for recruiters and job seekers.  Online here.

Internship,  Legal Counsel At The Organización Nacional Indígena De Colombia, 6 month  internship, Lawyers Without Borders Canada. Bogota, Colombia.   Internship details.

Policy Associate, policy and advocacy for women’s sexual and reproductive health and rights. based at Ipas headquarters, Chapel Hill, N.C., USA.  Law degree preferred.  Apply immediately.  Job details.

Programme Manager, Sexual And Reproductive Health And Rights, Plan UK, in London, UK.  Apply by July 4, 2013.  Job details.

Links to other employers in the field of Reproductive and Sexual Health Law are online here.

——————–

Compiled by the Coordinator of the International Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Program, reprohealth*law at utoronto.ca For Program publications and resources, see our website, online here.

TO JOIN THIS BLOG: enter your email address in upper right corner of this webpage, then check your email to confirm the subscription.


Decisions, Calls, Courses, Resources, News & Jobs

August 17, 2012

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August 17, 2012

COURT DECISIONS:

Namibia HIV+ sterilization:
LM and Others v Government of the Republic of Namibia
[2012] NAHC 211   High Court, 30 July 2012.
Sterilizations of HIV+ women during childbirth, without informed consent
Decision online      

Uganda: maternal mortality petition to Constitutional Court rejected.
Centre for Health, Human Rights and Development and Ors v Attorney General [2012] UGCC 4   Constitutional Court, 5 June 2012
(Description by Interights:)  Petition alleging constitutional violations arising from inadequate state provision of maternal health care struck out, on the basis that entertaining it would encroach on the domain of the Executive and Legislature and would thus fall foul of the ‘political question’ doctrine.    Decision online.

CALLS, COURSES & EVENTS

IPPF needs volunteer lawyers or graduate law students to research laws & regulations that impede young people’s access to sexual & reprohealth  services in: Afghanistan, Albania, Bolivia, Bosnia, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Nepal, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Senegal, Vietnam & Zambia.  Details online.

WHO Safe Abortion Guidance: Clinical Recommendations Webinar with Dr. Nathalie Kapp, Wed Aug 29 2012, 9- 10:00 am EST
Email your name, title, org. affiliation and contact info to servicedeliverymatters@ipas.org by Aug 28.

“The Legal and Ethical Implications of Posthumous Reproduction” Call for papers for symposium issue of Journal of Law and Health, Email your 600-word abstract and CV by October 1, 2012 to health.journal@law.csuohio.edu with subject: “Submission: Annual Symposium”.

Course:  CEDAW for Change – one week intensive course: Women’s Human Rights Education Institute
Nov 5 – Nov 9, 2012, Toronto Canada.  Course information.

RESOURCES

Criminal Laws and Women’s Right to Health – Report from ACPD side event at the UN Human Rights Council
includes links to presentations by UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Health, IFPA and Ipas, plus full report of UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Health.  ACPD Report with links.

“Expanding Access to Medical Abortion: Perspectives of women and providers in developing countries” Special Supplement of the International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics (IJGO) -10 papers.
Click here, look upper right, find Supplement title under “View for Free”

“Harm Reduction, Human Rights, and Access to Information on Safer Abortion,” by Joanna Erdman. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 118 (2012): 83-86.   Abstract and Full text online.

FIGO  Prevention of Unsafe Abortion Initiative – Situational analyses of induced and unsafe abortion and/or national plans of action, of which 27 are now online:  Argentina, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil, Cameroon,Chile, Colombia, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gabon, Kenya, Mozambique, Nepal, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru, South Africa,Sudan, Syria,  Tanzania, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela & Zambia.  Analyses online.

“Gender Stereotyping and the Federal Judiciary in Mexico,” by Denise Gonzales Nunez, Mexican Law Review 3.2., 265-296.  Article online.

Interights’ searchable International and Commonwealth case databases now contain over 2500 summaries of human rights decisions.
Database info and access

International Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Programme – Publications online in English      Spanish translations

The Meaning of ‘Life’: Dignity and the Right to Life in International Human Rights Treaties,  by Elizabeth Wicks,  Human Rights Law Review 12.2 (June 2012): pp 199-219   doi: 10.1093/hrlr/ngs002
Article or abstract.

Special Report on Sexual and Reproductive Health (6 pp) mainly contraception, also FGC, published in Financial Times July 9, 2012.  Financial Times Special Report

NEWS:

China: Forced abortions and sterilizations in China – Women’s rights group submits complaint to UN Commission on the Status of Women  News item. 

Kenya – New abortion hotline launched. Women on Waves press release

Poland – worldwide petition promotes new bill liberalizing Poland’s abortion law.  Petition information in English.

Rwanda Lifts Reservation on Abortion Provision in Maputo Protocol – another critical step toward liberalizing its abortion law
CRR press release online     CRR  Further background 

Zimbabwe relaxes abortion laws:  hospitals will no longer report illegal abortions to police.  News item.

JOBS

Legal Director, Equal Rights Advocates, San Francisco CA, USA.  Job information

President & CEO Reproductive Health Technologies Project, Washington DC, Apply by Sept 7, 2012.  Job announcement

Legal Research Director, UCLA School of Law, Williams Institute on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Law and Public Policy, apply by Sept 28, 2012.  Job information

Links to other employers in the field of Reproductive and Sexual Health Law are online here.

—————

Compiled by the Coordinator of the International Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Program, reprohealth.law AT utoronto.ca  Visit our Website 


Calls, Resources, News and Jobs

June 25, 2012

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June 25, 2012

CALLS

Call for papers: “Making progress in realizing women’s human rights: the role of the CEDAW Commitee and other international human rights monitoring bodies’,  Call for articles for the Tijdschrift voor Genderstudies  (Journal for Gender Studies). Send outlines for articles in English or Dutch (400 – 500 words) before 15 July 2012 to Fleur van Leeuwen (FC_van_Leeuwen@hotmail.com) \
For details in English, click here, then click “Oproep door artikelen” and scroll to the bottom.

RESOURCES

[abortion -adolescents] Parental Involvement Laws and New Governance  Rachel Rebouché, 34 Harv. J. L. & Gender 175 (2011).     Abstract online.

[abortion & prenatal genetic testing] Mixed Messages: The Intersection of Prenatal Genetic Testing and Abortion, by Rachel Rebouché & Karen H. Rothenberg,  Howard Law Journal, Vol. 55, No. 3, 2012; U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2012-26.  Abstract online.

[abortion & prenatal protections] “Whose Right to Life?: Women’s Rights and Prenatal Protections under Human Rights and Comparative Law. Toolkit from the Center for Reproductive Rights.

[abortion – Dominican Republic] “Resolving Conflicts of Constitution: Inside the Dominican Republic’s Constitutional Ban on Abortion” by Mia So (2011) 86:2 Indiana Law Journal 714-32.  Article online.

[abortion, Uruguay] “The Politics of Reproductive Health Rights in Uruguay: Why the Presidential Veto to the Right to Abortion is Illegitimate” Oscar A. Cabrera, Martin Hevia, Fanny Gómez-Lugo & Analia Banfi-Vique,  (2011). Revista de Direito Sanitário, São Paulo – Journal of Health Law, July 2011.  Article online.

[adolescents] United Nations Commission on Population and Development, Draft Resolution on “Adolescents and Youth”,  April 27, 2012.   Draft Resolution, online here, includes:

  •   the ICPD list of reproductive health services including safe abortion (OP27);
  •   ICPD language on reproductive rights (PP15)
  •   Sexual Rights” as adopted in Beijing para 96 (human rights and sexuality) applied to adolescents and youth (OP7)
  •   Eliminating harmful traditional practices, including early and forced marriages (OP9)
  •   Access to contraception for women living with HIV and AIDS (PP17)
  •   Gender equality (PP13, OP16)

[Africa: HIV & stigma]  “The Impact of Routine HIV Testing on HIV-Related Stigma and Discrimination in Africa” by Ebenezer Tope Durojaye(2011). International Journal of Discrimination and the Law, Vol 11, No. 4, pp. 187-200, 2011. Abstract online.

Stereotyping Updates newsletter, by Simone Cusack, May 2012,
is now online.
Significant decisions on gender stereotyping over recent months include:

  •  European Court of Human Rights (Konstantin Markin v. Russia), Parental leave for servicemen
  •  Inter-American Court of Human Rights (Atala Riffo and daughters v. Chile), Lesbian mother allowed custody of children after divorce
  •  U.S. Equal Opportunity Commission (Macy v. Holder). Transgender employee discrimination

NEWS:

Chile:  Review of a Study by Koch et al. on the Impact of Abortion Restrictions on Maternal Mortality in Chile,  Guttmacher Advisory,
May 2012.  Online here.

Chile, anencephaly:  Women forced to be ‘human coffins’ – new campaigns to change legislation.  News item.

China: one-child policy leads to forced abortions, mothers’ deaths.
News item.

Nepal:  “Safe and affordable abortion: Women’s right”  by Melissa Upreti.  News item.

Rwanda: MPs to Harmonise Abortion Act with Article 14 of the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa (“Maputo” Protocol).  News item.

Rwanda: MPs passed the draft Penal Code. Majority voted in favour of legal abortions in cases of rape, incest, forced marriage, or jeopardy to health of the woman or the fetus. Code now goes to the Senate for approval.  News item.

Sri Lanka:  Abortion laws – another view  – authorities considering abortion law reform for cases of ‘underage’ rape and incest.
Published letter by Ramya Kumar et al.

Turkey:  Europe must fight Turkish abortion restrictions, by Lilian Sepulveda.  Article online

Zambia:  The term “conception” in the Zambian constitution is ambiguous. News item.

JOBS

Associate, O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law, Georgetown University, Washington DC USA.  Apply by July 31, 2012.  More information online

Links to employers in the field of Reproductive and Sexual Health Law
are online in right sidebar of this blog.

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For Program publications and resources, see our website, online here.


Court Decisions, Filings, Resources & News

April 12, 2012


REPROHEALTHLAW-L

April 12, 2012

COURT DECISIONS & FILINGS

Australia, New South Wales:  Family Court lacks power to stop abortion at father’s request.  Newspaper article

Canada:  Ontario Court of Appeal upholds legalization of prostitution in Ontario.   Provisions prohibiting common bawdy-houses and living off the avails of prostitution, are both unconstitutional in their current form.  The Court suspended legalization of brothels for one year, giving Parliament time to draft another law, if it chooses.
Newspaper article        Newspaper analysis      AWID news item

Chile:  Inter-American Court of Human Rights:  Case of Atala Riffo and Children v. Chile.    First use of the American Convention of Human Rights re sexual orientation.  Case of discrimination against lesbian mother when custody of children was given to father
Decision online in Spanish     Summary online in English

El Salvador abortion ban:  Center for Reproductive Rights Files Case Revealing the Horrifying Reality of El Salvador’s Ban on Abortion.  Petition filed March 21, 2012 with the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights by the Center for Reproductive Rights and local Salvadoran organization Colectiva de Mujeres para el Desarrollo Local (Agrupación Ciudadana por la Despenalización del Aborto Ético, Terapéutico y Eugenésico de El Salvador).   Press release

EVENTS

Global Health Challenges & the Role of Law, 2102 National Health Law Conference.
May 4-5 2012, Toronto, Canada.    Program online

Sexuality, Gender, and Rights Institute: Exploring Theory and Practice
Istanbul, Turkey, July 7-15, 2012.  Apply by April 25.   Details online.

RESOURCES

“The African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights and the promotion and protection of sexual and reproductive rights,” by Victoria Balogun and Ebenezer Durojaye. African Human Rights Law Journal 11.2 (2011) pp. 368-395  Abstract online.

“CEDAW Article 12, “Health” commentary by Rebecca Cook and Veronica Undurraga, demonstrates how art. 12 has been and could be applied to discriminatory health situations.  In: The UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women: A Commentary, ed. Marsha A. Freeman, Christine Chinkin, and Beate Rudolf (Oxford University Press, 2012) 792pp.  Book info online.

The Case of the Pope: Vatican Accountability for Human Rights Abuses by Geoffrey Robertson (Penguin Special, 2010)
New Spanish translation launched in Mexico.  Spanish edition.
English comments by Spanish publisher

Failure to protect woman against domestic violence a violation of CEDAW (A.T. v. Hungary).  OP CEDAW blog

International Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Programme, annual report 2011  Abridged web version now online

Sexual Rights and the Universal Periodic review: A toolkit for Advocates. [includes abortion] SRI and IPPF, 52pp.  Info and download.

Reproductive Health and Human Rights: Integrating Medicine, Ethics and Law, By Rebecca J. Cook, Bernard M. Dickens and Mahmoud F. Fathalla (Oxford UP, 2003)   Translations to French, Spanish, Portuguese, Arabic, Chinese.    5 Case studies in English (scroll down).   Arabic edition.   Download Spanish edition (546 pp, 2.5MB)

Whose Right to Life?: Women’s Rights and Prenatal Protections under Human Rights and Comparative Law. 18-page report

US:   Reproductive Rights Prof Blog provides US-focused scholarship and news. View or subscribe here.

NEWS:

Morocco: suicide of under-age rape victim married to rapist spurs national debate against both under-age marriage and legal exemption for rapists who marry their under-age victims.   News article.

Rwanda: Abortion Might Be Legalized in Certain Cases, But Crucial Report not Made Public.  News article.
First-ever national study on abortion in Rwanda released.  News article.

JOBS

Researcher on Women’s Rights, based in Middle East and North Africa (“MENA”) region, for the Women’s Rights Division, Human Rights Watch.  Apply by April 20, 2012.    Job description

Links to employers in the field of Reproductive and Sexual Health Law are online here.
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International Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Programme – Website