REPROHEALTHLAW Updates — March 2017

March 29, 2017

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DEVELOPMENTS:
Caso I.V. v. Bolivia,   Sentencia de 30  Noviembre de 2016 (Excepciones Preliminares, Fondo, Reparaciones y Costas) Corte InterAmericana de Derechos Humanos [Inter-American Court of Human Rights]Decision 2016 in SpanishCase summary by Christina Zampas.  Amicus Curiae brief by Ciara O’Connell, Diana Guarnizo-Peralta and Cesar Rodriguez-Garavito in English.   Report on the Merits (2014) in English

Kenya Legal and Ethical Network on HIV & AIDS (KELIN) & 3 others v Cabinet Secretary Ministry of Health & 4 others [2016] Petition 250 of 2015 (High Court of Kenya Constitutional and Human Rights Division).  [Official collection of Kenyans’ HIV data halted, as “unconstitutional”]  Decision onlineComment from Jurist Blog.

[Kenya] Martin C.   v. Republic, Criminal Appeal No. 32 of 2015, April 26, 2016 (High Court of Kenya, at Malindi).  [sexual relationship between adult man of 23 and girl of 14 is not “defilement” because she sought it.  Prisoner released.]  Decision online.  {Summary by Godfrey Kangaude forthcoming on this blog.}

[South Africa] Dwenga and Others v Surgeon-General of the South African Military Health Services and Others [2014] ZAGPPHC 727, Case No. 40844/2013, the High Court at North Gauteng. [against discrimination toward HIV+ employees in the military.]  Summary for Legal Grounds III.    Decision online.

[South Africa] Gary Shane Allpass v Mooikloof Estates (Pty) Ltd. [2011], Case No. JS178/09, a Labour Court of South Africa.  [wrongful dismissal of HIV-positive employee].  Summary for Legal Grounds III.   Decision online.

CALLS:

Calls for Papers, Special Issue on “Gender and the Rise of the Global Right,” in Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society. Submit by September 15, 2017,  Detailed call for papers.

Callls for Applications, “Health Rights Litigation Intensive” June 26-30, 2017, one-week summer course at the O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law, at Georgetown University Law Center, Washington DC, USA.  Apply by April 10, 2017.  HR Litigation course info.

Gender Justice Uncovered awards 2017, is collecting the best and worst court decisions from 2016.  Nominate your best or worst case here in English.  Nomina tu caso ya  en Espanol.

RESOURCES

Abortion Law in Transnational Perspective: Cases and Controversies, ed. Rebecca J. Cook, Joanna N. Erdman and Bernard M. Dickens, Pennsylvania Studies in Human Rights Series, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2014. 
New 20% discount code: PH70.  Now in paperback (March 2017), 
Table of Contents.    Introduction online at SSRN.  Table of Cases online (Spanish and English, with links to court decisions.   ¡Ahora en español! El aborto en el derecho transnacional (CIDE/FCE, 2016)  folleto con sumario 

Brazilian Supreme Court abortion ruling – I-CONnect blog symposium of scholarly comments from five perspectives:  Rebecca J. Cook and Bernard M. Dickens, Chao-ju Chen; Grégor Puppinck; Debora Diniz and Christine Ricardo; and Rachel Rebouché. 5 perspectives on Brazilian abortion ruling.

Brazilian dossier on “Gênero, Raça e Pobreza: a abordagem de múltiplas identidades pelo Direito” [Gender, Race and Poverty: The Multiple Identities Approach to Law] Revista FGV Direito 22(2015), ed. Marta Machado, online here.  includes articles in Portuguese or English with abstracts in both languages, about: domestic violence laws, CEDAW, maternity in prison, and research in prisons (by D. Diniz), and abortion, i.e.:
—[South Africa, abortion] “Claiming and Defending Abortion Rights in South Africa” / Reivindicando e defendendo o direito ao aborto na África do Sul” by Cathi Albertyn, Revista FGV Direito 22 (2015): 429-454   English article with Portuguese abstract.

US-focused news, resources, and legal developments are available on Repro Rights Prof Blog.  View or subscribe.

JOBS

Links to other employers in the field of Reproductive and Sexual Health Law are online here

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Compiled by the Coordinator of the International Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Program, reprohealth*law at utoronto.ca For Program publications and resources, see our website, online here. TO JOIN THIS BLOG: enter your email address in upper right corner of this webpage, then check your email to confirm the subscription.


REPROHEALTHLAW Updates: Decision, Resources, News, Opportunities and Jobs

September 24, 2015

REPROHEALTHLAW-L
September 24 2015

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COURT DECISION:

Inter-American Court of Human Rights, Espinoza Gonzáles vs. Perú.  November 20, 2014.  The State of Peru is held responsible for violations of rights to personal liberty, integrity, honour and dignity, judicial guarantees and legal protection, in connection with the illegal detention, torture, sexual violence, imprisonment, cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment and failure to investigate complaints from Gladys Espinoza between 1993 until 2012.  The Court ordered reparations and access to free and immediate treatment for Gladys Espinoza Gonzales, her mother and brother, and to all women victims of the widespread practice of rape and other forms of sexual violence during the Peruvian conflict.  Official summary in Spanish120-page decision in Spanish.   Press Release from CEJILFollowup interpretation by the Court, June 23, 2015.

CALL FOR PAPERS

The McGill Journal of Law and Health (MJLH), an academic, peer-reviewed, multidisciplinary journal, is currently seeking full-length articles and shorter comments for an upcoming issue. Submissions due October 15, 2015.  Guidelines online

LATIN AMERICAN LEGAL CONFERENCE

El IV Congreso Latinoamericano Jurídico sobre Derechos Reproductivos Lima, Peru, November 2-4, 2015   LatinAmerican Legal Congress.

SCHOLARSHIP

[abortion] “Safe and Legal Abortion: An Emerging Human Right? The Long-Lasting Dispute with State Sovereignty in ECHR Jurisprudence,” by Chiara Cosentino,  Human Rights Law Review (2015) 15 (3): 569-589. Abstract online.  Early access to full text.  Full access for institutional subscribers.

Abortion Law in Transnational Perspective:  Cases and Controversies, ed. Rebecca J. Cook, Joanna N. Erdman and Bernard M. Dickens, 16 chapters.  University of Pennsylvania Press, 2014, 482 pages. Introduction by the editors. Table of Cases online  Table of ContentsPurchase from U Penn Press.  A Spanish edition was published in August, 2016.  Ahora disponible en español.

[abortion – China]  Exploring ‘Glorious Motherhood’ in Chinese Abortion Law and Policy, by Weiwei Cao  Details and PDF.

[abortion and surrogate motherhood]  “Surrogate Motherhood and Abortion for Fetal Abnormality”  (Ruth Walker and Liezl van Zyl,  Bioethics 29.8 (Oct. 2015): 529-535.   Free abstract for all. Institutional access to full text.

[hymen restoration] Dorothy Shaw and Bernard M. Dickens, A new surgical technique for hymenoplasty: A solution, but for which problem?” International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 130 (2015) 1–2.  Abstract and article online.

“In Between Categories of Law- a Gender Variant Analysis of Anti-Discrimination Law and Litigation” Ido Katri, LL.M. dissertation  University of Toronto, 2015. Abstract online.

“Obstetric Violence in Argentina: a Study on the Legal Effects of Medical Guidelines and Statutory Obligations for Improving the Quality of Maternal Health” Carlos Alejandro Herrera Vacaflor, LL.M. dissertation, University of Toronto, 2015  Abstract online.

“Sexuality Education in Paraguay: Using Human Rights and International Policies to define adolescents’ right to sexuality education” María José Rivas Vera, LL.M. dissertation, University of Toronto, 2015. Abstract online.

NEWS:

Malaysia: Nepalese woman finally acquitted for abortion,  News report.

Northern Ireland abortion law mostly used to arrest violent men  News report

UK: Joint statement of NGOs on sex selection abortion, in response to attempts to criminalize it in the UK, Joint Statement

Uruguay:   Guarding Abortion Rights Advances   International Women’s Health Coalition report

Uruguay:   Conscientious Objection or Conscious Oppression?: The Uphill Battle to Access Abortion Services in Uruguay  Comment by Lucia Berro

US-focused news, resources, and legal developments are available on Repro Rights Prof Blog. View or subscribe.

JOBS

Regional Director for Latin America and the Caribbean, Bogota, Colombia,   The Center for Reproductive Rights.  Details online.

Senior Officer for Africa Engagement, Girls Not Brides, 16 September 2015 Deadline: 15 October 2015 Location: London or Dakar (Senegal) or Addis Ababa (Ethiopia) or Nairobi (Kenya) Organization:  – Apply by October 15, 2015: Details Online .

Assistant Professor, Women’s & Gender Studies, Keene State College, Keene, New Hampshire, USA – Apply by October 16, 2015.  Job details.

Gender, Sexuality & Feminist Studies Position (Tenure-Track) Middlebury College, Vermont, USA – Apply by November 2, 2015  Job details.

Links to other employers in the field of Reproductive and Sexual Health Law are online here

Compiled by the Coordinator of the International Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Program, reprohealth*law at utoronto.ca For Program publications and resources, see our website, online here. TO JOIN THIS BLOG: enter your email address in upper right corner of this webpage, then check your email to confirm the subscription.

 


Kenya: High Court: Police should investigate child sexual assaults

October 29, 2014

Many thanks to Michelle Hayman, a second-year law student who provides research assistance to our International Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Program, for summarizing this case for REPROHEALTHLAW readers.

C.K. (a child) (Through Ripples International As Her Guardian And Next Friend) & 11 Others  v.  Commissioner of Police/Inspector General of the National Police Service,  & 3 Others [2013] eKLR  decision online

In this important case, the High Court of Kenya found that police failure to conduct proper investigations into sexual assault cases concerning children infringed on the victims’ fundamental freedoms under the Constitution of Kenya. The Court held there is a duty for the police “to conduct prompt, effective, proper and professional investigations” into complaints of sexual assault against children.

The case concerned eleven children who were victims of “defilement” (“an act which causes penetration with a child”) and other forms of sexual violence and child abuse between 2008 and 2012.  Each had reported the acts to police stations within Meru County, but the police officers refused or failed to conduct proper investigations into the crimes, in some cases asking for money before they would assist the claimant.

The High Court found that the police’s unlawful, inexcusable and unjustifiable failure to conduct “prompt, effective, proper and professional investigations” into these cases, not only caused “grave harm” to the victims but also “created a climate of impunity for defilement”. The Court further found the police directly responsible for any psychological harm caused by their actions.

In finding this decision, the Court relied on domestic and international law, including the Constitution of Kenya, the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Child (UNCRC), the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights (ACHPR), the Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), and the International Convention of Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR).

The full text of the decision is online here.