REPROHEALTHLAW Updates – Nov. 2017

November 30, 2017

SUBSCRIBE TO REPROHEALTHLAW: To receive these updates monthly by email, enter your address in upper right corner of this webpage, then check your email to confirm the subscription.

DEVELOPMENTS

Northern Ireland:  Low-income women seeking free abortions will receive government travel grants. Newspaper

 CONFERENCES

“Abortion in the British Isles, France and North America since 1800,”    International Conference organised by the University of Paris-Sorbonne (research group HDEA, EA 4086), in Paris (France), 6-8 November 2018.  Registration fee  Submit 500-word abstract and short CV by Dec 23, 2017.  Conference details.

SCHOLARSHIP:

Abortion Law in Transnational Perspective: Cases and Controversies, ed. Rebecca J. Cook, Joanna N. Erdman and Bernard M. Dickens (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2014), now also in Spanish (see next entry) and in paperback, 20% discount code PH70.  English edition from U Penn Press.  Table of Contents with chapter summaries. 
Abortion Decisions Online
—-El aborto en el derecho transnacional: casos y controversias
,  ed. Rebecca J. Cook, Joanna N. Erdman y Bernard M. Dickens (Mexico: FCE/CIDE, 2016)   En espanol, 2016: Fondo de Cultura Económica Libreria CIDE.     Índice con resúmenes de capítulos 1-11
Decisiones Judiciales sobre aborto en línea

About Abortion: Terminating Pregnancy in Twenty-First Century America,  by Carol Sanger (Harvard UP, 2017)   Book details

“The Abortion Closet (with a Note on Rules and Standards),” by David Pozen, Columbia Journal of Gender and Law, Vol. 35, pp. 161-166, 2017. draws out some implications of Sanger’s arguments concerning abortion secrecy, abortion discourse, and the use of standards in constitutional abortion law.  Abstract and article

 

[Colombia, conscience]  Criminal Scopes of the Doctor Conscientious Objection in the Cases of Lawful Abortion in Colombia; Alcances penales de la objeción de conciencia del médico en el aborto lícito en Colombia; Âmbitos penales da objeção de consciência em o médico, by Juan Francisco Mendoza Perdomo, IUSTA 2:37 (2012) doctoral research, Summary in Spanish, English and Portuguese

[Europe] “Mandatory Waiting Periods and Biased Abortion Counseling in Central and Eastern Europe by Leah Hoctor and Adriana Lamačkova,  Int J Gynecol Obstet, 139 (2017) : 253–258.  Abstract and article

Global Abortion Policies Database, an open-access repository of abortion laws, policies, standards, and guidelines for 197 countries. Designed to strengthen efforts to eliminate unsafe abortion, the database acknowledges and engages law and policy as a social determinant of safe abortion.   Global Abortion Policies Database.

“The global abortion policies database—legal knowledge as a health intervention,” by Joanna Erdman, November 1, 2017  Opinion piece at BMJ.

 

Legal Grounds III: Reproductive and Sexual Rights in Sub-Saharan African Courts  (Pretoria, Pretoria University Law Press (PULP), 2017), and previous volumes.
Printed edition of Legal Grounds III available from PULP.
Previous volumes PDF online at CRR.
Legal Grounds III, online edition with links to decisions and updates.

[United Kingdom, abortion law] British Journal of Obsetrics and Gynaecology (BJOG)  124:13 (Dec. 2017)
BJOG issue on UK abortion law
—“The emancipation of women’s fertility,” by Michael Marsh, BJOG 124:13 (Dec 2017): 1921-22.
—“Abortion care as a key women’s health service,” Lesley Regan, BJOG 124.13 (Dec 2017): 1922.
—“Effectiveness, safety, and acceptability of first‐trimester medical termination of pregnancy performed by non‐doctor providers: a systematic review,” by S Sjöström, M Dragoman, MS Fønhus, B Ganatra, K Gemzell‐Danielsson, BJOG 124.13 (Dec 2017): 1928–1940
—“Reproductive rights: perspectives from a retired American obstetrician‐gynaecologist,” by Stephen S Entman, BJOG 124:13 (Dec 2017): 1941
—“The 50th Anniversary of the Abortion Act,” by David Paintin, BJOG 124:13 (Dec 2017): 1947.

“End criminal sanctions for abortion,” by Richard Hurley, BMJ 2017;359:j5409. 
Comment at BMJ.

US-focused news, resources, and legal developments are available on Repro Rights Prof Blog.  View or subscribe.

JOBS

Reproductive Health Matters.  Director and Editor-in-Chief.  2-year renewable contract.   Apply by Jan 8, 2018.  RHM Director and Editor Position details.

Links to other employers in the field of Reproductive and Sexual Health Law are online here

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Compiled by the Coordinator of the International Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Program, reprohealth*law at utoronto.ca For Program publications and resources, see our website, online here. TO JOIN THIS BLOG: enter your email address in upper right corner of this webpage, then check your email to confirm the subscription.


REPROHEALTHLAW Updates — Oct 2017

October 31, 2017

SUBSCRIBE TO REPROHEALTHLAW: To receive these updates monthly by email, enter your address in upper right corner of this webpage, then check your email to confirm the subscription.

DEVELOPMENTS

[Brazil, religious education] STF Conclui Julgamento Sobre Ensino Religioso nas Escolas Públicas ADI No. 4439, September 27, 2017.    The Brazilian Federal Supreme Court dismissed, by a 6 to 5 majority, a Direct Action of Unconstitutionality in which the Public Prosecutor’s Office questioned the model of religious education in the country’s public school system.  In Portuguese: Initial questionConclusion of Decision
English: Comment on I-CONnect Blog.

[Europe: Italy, conscientious objectors] Confederazione Generale Italiana del Lavoro (CGIL) v. Italy (2016), Complaint No. 91/2013 (European Committee on Social Rights, Strasbourg, France)  Decision in English. 
-which builds upon this 2014 decision:  International Planned Parenthood European Network v. Italy (2014), Complaint No. 87/2012, 10 March 2014 (European Committee on Social Rights, Strasbourg, France) Decision in EnglishBoth decisions summarized by Tania Pagotto.

[Kenya] – Court of Appeal acquitted Jackson Tali, a registered nurse sentenced to death on murder charges re pregnancy complications.   October 19, 2017.   Press release by the Center for Reproductive Rights  Overturns:  Republic v Jackson Namunya Tali [2014] eKLR, High Court Criminal Case No. 75 of 2009 (High Court of Kenya at Nairobi).  Overturned decision.  Overturned decision summarized in Legal Grounds III by Godfrey Kangaude and Annagrace Rwehumbiza.

[Spain, conscientious objectors] Zurich Insurance PLC, Sucursal en España v. Doña Encarnacion y don César y Servicio Galego de Saude, Sentencia 00392/2017, Apelación 43/17 (High Court of Galicia at Coruña, Spain)   Decision in SpanishEnglish summary by lawyer F. F. Guillen.

[West Africa: Nigerian police abuse women] Suit no ECW/CCJ/APP/17/14. October 13, 2017, Community Court of Justice, Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) awarded 18 million naira as compensation to an actress Dorothy Chioma Njemanze and two other women for the violation of their human rights to dignity following the physical, sexual and psychological violence inflicted on them by agents of the Nigerian State.  Press release from ECOWAS Court.    Newspaper reportComment by Benson Chakaya

EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY:
Africa – Doctoral Scholarships:   LL.D/D.Phil in Sexual and Reproductive Rights in Africa:
The Centre for Human Rights, University of Pretoria, calls for applications for full-time doctoral scholarships in the field of sexual and/or reproductive rights and their intersection with culture or criminalisation in the African region.  Apply by 15 Nov 2017 Scholarship details

SCHOLARSHIP:
Abortion Law in Transnational Perspective: Cases and Controversies, ed. Rebecca J. Cook, Joanna N. Erdman and Bernard M. Dickens (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2014), now also in Spanish (see next entry) and in paperback, 20% discount code PH70.  English edition from U Penn PressTable of Contents with chapter summaries. 
Abortion Decisions Online, based on the book’s Table of Cases

El aborto en el derecho transnacional: casos y controversias,  ed. Rebecca J. Cook, Joanna N. Erdman y Bernard M. Dickens (Mexico: FCE/CIDE, 2016)   En espanol, 2016: Fondo de Cultura Económica Libreria CIDE.     Índice con resúmenes de capítulos 1-11
Tabla de Casos/Jurisprudencia sobre aborto en línea con enlaces a muchas de las decisiones judiciales

[abortion] “How Laws Fail the Promise of Medical Abortion: A Global Look,” by Patty Skuster, Georgetown Journal of Gender and the Law  18.379, 2017. Abstract and Article.

[abortion] “The Politics of Global Abortion Rights,”  by Joanna N. Erdman,  Brown Journal of World Affairs 22.2 (2016): 39-57.   Article online

[abortion, Central and Eastern Europe]  “Mandatory Waiting Periods and Biased Abortion Counseling in Central and Eastern Europe,” by Leah Hoctor and Adriana Lamačková, International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 139 (Nov. 2017): 253–258.    PDF at Wiley Online Library.    Submitted text online at SSRN.

“Abortion Travel and the Limits of Choice,” by Lisa Kelly, 12 FIU L. Rev. 27 (2016).
Article online.

[Africa] “Conscientious Objection to Abortion and Accommodating Women’s Reproductive Health Rights: Reflections on a Decision of the Constitutional Court of Colombia from an African Regional Human Rights Perspective,” by Charles G. Ngwena, Journal of African Law, 58 (2014): 183-209  Article now online.

[Africa]  Legal Grounds III, Reproductive and Sexual Rights in Sub-Saharan African Courts (2017)   Entire book, 228-pages, online here.
Print copies available for courses, conferences or organizations.

Legal Grounds III Online now includes searchable links to entire book, individual case summaries and decisions, plus more recent cases.

[Zika, Brasil and Human Rights Obligations]: now in Spanish, Portuguese and English:
—“Infección por el virus de Zika en Brasil y obligaciones relacionadas con los derechos humanos,” por Debora Diniz, Sinara Gumieri, Beatriz Galli Bevilacqua, Rebecca J. Cook, y Bernard M. Dickens, Boletin FLASOG 5.2( June 2017): 6-12.
En espanol Boletin FLASOG, pp 6-12
Em português do Brasil, forthcoming in Revista Uni Brasilia Direito.
—“Zika Infection in Brazil and Human Rights Obligations,” by Debora Diniz, Sinara Gumieri, Beatriz Galli Bevilacqua, Rebecca J. Cook and Bernard M. Dickens, International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 136.1 (Jan. 2017) 105-110.
PDF online.   Submitted text in English at SSRN.

NEWS

International news and resources for advocacy:  International Campaign for Women’s Right to Safe Abortion.

US-focused news, resources, and legal developments are available on Repro Rights Prof Blog.  View or subscribe.

JOBS
Links to employers in the field of Reproductive and Sexual Health Law are online here

______________
Compiled by the Coordinator of the International Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Program, reprohealth*law at utoronto.ca For Program publications and resources, see our website, online here. TO JOIN THIS BLOG: enter your email address in upper right corner of this webpage, then check your email to confirm the subscription.


Conscientious Objection: African reflections on Colombian abortion decision T-388/09, by Charles G. Ngwena

October 31, 2017

Congratulations to Charles Ngwena of the Centre for Human Rights, Faculty of Law, University of Pretoria, South Africa, whose 2014 article in the Journal of African Law is now available online.

Charles G. Ngwena. “Conscientious Objection to Abortion and AccommodatingWomen’s Reproductive Health Rights: Reflections on a Decision of the Constitutional Court of Colombia from an African Regional Human Rights Perspective. Journal of African Law, 58 (2014): 183-209  Article now online.


Abstract and Overview: 
If applied in isolation from the fundamental rights of women seeking abortion services, the right to conscientious objection can render any given rights to abortion illusory, including the rights to health, life, equality and dignity that are attendant to abortion. A transformative understanding of human rights requires that the right to conscientious objection to abortion be construed in a manner that is subject to the correlative duties which are imposed on the conscientious objector, as well as the state, in order to accommodate women’s reproductive health rights. In recent years, the Colombian Constitutional Court has been giving a judicial lead on the development of a right to conscientious objection that accommodates women’s fundamental rights. This article reflects on one of the court’s decisions and draws lessons for the African region.

After reviewing the history and status of abortion restriction in Africa, and comparing approaches to conscience clauses in South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe, Dr. Ngwena carefully reviews the Colombian decision in Case T-388/09 which, he concludes, “is ultimately about recognizing an overlapping consensus of the imperative of mutual co-existence in a liberal and heterogeneous society. . . .   [At the] interface between the right to conscientious objection and the right to abortion, African domestic courts and institutions can do well to look, among other juridical resources, to the Colombian decision for the development of constitutional and human rights standards that are aimed at accommodating the fundamental rights of conscientious objectors with the equally fundamental rights of women seeking abortion.  African regional treaty bodies have the same need.   . . . [In] African states, judicial interpretation has a crucial role to play in the authoritative interpretation and application of human rights protections under the African Charter system.

The Colombian decision is an important juridical resource and advocacy tool for human rights practitioners, civil society and non-governmental organisations that seek to promote women’s sexual and reproductive health,including access to abortion as a human right. In Case T-388/09, the Colombian Constitutional Court adopted a judicial approach that is gender sensitive and transcended a classical liberal interpretation of rights by avoiding the trap of enunciating abortion rights in a manner which reduces them to a mere rhetorical flourish.  Application of abortion rights requires judicial awareness that rights holders will often be unable to realize the rights in the same way for the reason that they have different capabilities and are differently situated, particularly in an environment in which gender inequalities are embedded.  Thus, imposition of state duties to provide adequate information and material resources to facilitate equitable access to healthcare services becomes a more meaningful way of vindicating abortion rights as not just tangible human rights but also human capabilities.

Abortion has a long history of being at the receiving end of moral censure by patriarchal political and religious authorities. Women remain a political minority. Unless closely interrogated, the right to conscientious objection to abortion can easily come to deny the very heterogeneity it seeks to acknowledge. Instead, it can become a Trojan horse for popular patriarchal and religious prejudices that deny women’s reproductive agency and accentuate the historical marginalization and stigmatization of reproductive healthcare services which only women need. How health care professionals understand and exercise the right to conscientious objection has implications for the realization of the reproductive rights of women seeking abortion services.
Charles G. Ngwena. “Conscientious Objection to Abortion and Accommodating
Women’s Reproductive Health Rights: Reflections on a Decision of the Constitutional Court of Colombia from an African Regional Human Rights Perspective. Journal of African Law, 58 (2014): 183-209  Article now online.
Related resources:
Colombian decision T-388/09  Corte Constitucional [Constitutional Court] 2009,  Decision in Spanish

T-388/09:  Conscientious Objection and Abortion: A Global Perspective on the Colombian Experience. (Georgetown, USA, O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law / Women’s Link Worldwide, 2014)    English | Español

 “Healthcare responsibilities and Conscientious Objection” by R. J. Cook, M. Arango Olaya and B.M. Dickens,  International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 104 (2009): 249-252. Spanish translation.
The Scope and Limits of Conscientious Objection,” by B.M. Dickens and R. J. Cook (2000) 71 International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 71-77.

Conscientious Objection-
Articles and other resources from the International Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Program at University of Toronto, online here.
Ethical and Legal Issues in Reproductive Health80 concise articles.
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The REPROHEALTHLAW BLOG is managed by the International Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Program, reprohealth*law at utoronto.ca.  For Program publications and resources, see our website, online here. TO JOIN THIS BLOG: enter your email address in upper right corner of this webpage, then check your email to confirm the subscription.

Strategic litigation for abortion rights in Latin America

December 20, 2016

Congratulations to Dr. Alba M. Ruibal, a researcher with Argentina’s National Scientific and Technical Research Council (Conicet) who is currently working on a project about federalism and feminist legal mobilization at the subnational level in Argentina, including litigation for abortion rights.  We appreciate her excellent article, recently published in English:

Social movements and constitutional politics in Latin America: reconfiguring alliances, framings and legal opportunities in the judicialisation of abortion rights in Brazil,Contemporary Social Science 10.4(2015): 375-385,  Publication access via academic librariesOpen access to submitted text.

Abstract:  One of the main innovations in the interaction between social movements and the state in Latin America since the democratisation processes is the use of courts as venues for social change and the intervention of social actors in constitutional politics. Drawing from the empirical study of the process of strategic litigation for abortion rights in Brazil, this paper aims to show what type of changes can take place when social actors set out to pursue a legal strategy on a highly controversial matter, and in a transitional context, where courts are in the midst of a redefinition of their institutional role in the political system, and movements have not yet been central actors in judicialisation processes. The study highlights how feminist organisations adapted their framing of the abortion issue and developed new alliances with legal actors in order to pursue a rights strategy and to interact with the constitutional court. It also points out how, when dealing with the abortion controversy, the Brazilian constitutional court (Supremo Tribunal Federal) expanded the legal opportunity for the participation of civil society actors and, in its 2012 decision that liberalised the abortion law, acknowledged the legal arguments advanced by social actors in this field.   Published edition, online via academic librariesOpen access to submitted text.     More about the author. 

Several of Dr. Ruibal’s earlier publications on abortion law strategy in Latin America are available online through SSRN:

“Reform and Backlash in Mexico’s Abortion Law: Political and Legal Opportunities for Mobilization and Countermobilization,”(2014)  English abstract and conference  paper.  
—See also:
Feminism, Religion and Democracy in the Process of Abortion Legalization in Mexico City (2012)  Spanish article online, with abstracts in Spanish and English.

“Movement and Counter-Movement: A History of Abortion Law Reform and the Backlash in Colombia 2006-2014” English article and abstract online.

[Legal Mobilization and Counter-Mobilization. Proposal for Its Analysis in Latin America] (2015)  Spanish article online with abstracts in Spanish and English.

[Feminism Counters Religious Fundamentalisms: Mobilization and Counter-Mobilization in the Field of Reproductive Rights in Latin America](2014) focusing on the cases of Brasil, Colombia and Mexico  Portuguese article, and abstracts in Portuguese, Spanish and English.   Spanish translation of article.

———–
Regarding the Brazilian decision of 2012, mentioned in Dr. Ruibal’s abstract, see also: Luís Roberto Barroso, “Bringing Abortion into the Brazilian Public Debate: Legal Strategies for Anencephalic Pregnancy,” chapter 12 in Abortion Law in Transnational Perspective: Cases and Controversies (U Penn Press, 2014)  258-78.  English edition.   Spanish paperback from FCE, 2016.
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REPROHEALTHLAW: Updates, Resources and News

October 29, 2014

SUBSCRIBE TO REPROHEALTHLAW:  To receive these updates  by email, enter your address in upper right corner of this webpage, then check your email to confirm the subscription.

LEGAL DEVELOPMENTS:

Ireland: Detailed guidelines on legal abortion released: Termination permitted when there is “real and substantial threat” to a woman’s life – News article July 2014.

Kenya:  High Court:  Police should investigate child sexual assaults.   C.K. (a child) (Through Ripples International As Her Guardian And Next Friend) & 11 Others  v.  Commissioner of Police/Inspector General of the National Police Service,  & 3 Others [2013] eKLR  Decision onlineSummary by law student.

Peru adopts National Guidelines, an important step to clarify rights to safe abortion services, in response to CEDAW “LC” decision of 2011.  News  July 2014.  Center for Reproductive Rights press release.

Zimbabwe Supreme Court finds State liable for preventing emergency contraception after rape but not termination of pregnancy.  Mildred Mapingure v Minister of Home Affairs, No. SC 22/14, 25 March 2014, Supreme Court of Zimbabwe.  Court  Decision online.    Summary by law student.

EVENTS:

“Overcoming Obstacles – Towards the effective implementation of the rights of women with disabilities in Africa, Conference at the Center for Human Rights, University of Pretoria, South Africa, Tues/Wed Nov 4-5, 2014.  Conference invitation.

FIGO World Congress 2015, Vancouver, BC,  Canada,  Oct 4-9, 2015 .  Congress 2015 website

RESOURCES:

[abortion, Brazil]  “Modern-Day Inquisition: A Report on Criminal Persecution, Exposure of Intimacy and Violation of Rights in Brazil,” by Alexandra Lopes da Costa, in: SUR – International Journal On Human Rights, 10.19, Dec. 2013. Abstract and article online.

Abortion Law in Transnational Perspective:  Cases and Controversies, ed. Rebecca J. Cook, Joanna N. Erdman and Bernard M. Dickens, 16 chapters.  Published by University of Pennsylvania Press, August 2014, 482 pages.
Introduction by the editors: online through SSRN.
Book reviewers should contact Gigi Lamm (glamm {a} pobox. upenn. edu)
Includes 16 chapters, Table of Legislation,

Table of Cases, also online here, with links to abortion-related decisions in English and/or other languages).
Table of Contents online here.
Purchase info: link to U Penn Press.

“Abortion Privacy/Abortion Secrecy – What’s the Difference and Why Does It Matter?””  video guest-lecture by US professor Carol Sanger at Birmingham Law School, UK, April 29, 2014, 53 minute lecture by Prof. Sanger.
Written comment by Prof. Máiréad Enright on the Human Rights in Ireland blog, June 6, 2014.  Written comment by Prof. Enright

[adolescents – El Salvador, Senegal and United Kingdom]  Over-protected and under-served: Legal barriers to young people’s access to sexual and reproductive health services.  Case studies 32-60 pages each.

[Canada]  “Choice, Interrupted: Travel and Inequality of Access to Abortion Services Since the 1960s,” Christabelle Sethna, Beth Palmer, Katrina Ackerman, and Nancy Janovicek, Labour/Le Travail, 71 (Spring 2013), 29-48.  Abstract and article online.

[Colombia]  Case Study on Colombia: Judicial Standards on Abortion to Advance the Agenda of the Cairo Programme of Action, by Ana Cristina González Vélez and Viviana Bohórquez Monsalve, SUR – International Journal On Human Rights, v. 10, n. 19, Dec. 2013.  Abstract and article online.

[Colombia]  “Movement and Counter-Movement: A History of Abortion Law Reform and Backlash in Colombia, 2006-2014” by Alba Ruibal,  (November 20, 2014). Reproductive Health Matters, Vol. 22, No. 44, November 2014, Forthcoming. Abstract online.

[Conscientious objection in healthcare – Colombia Constitutional Court’s definition of 2009]
—-T388/2009:  “Conscientious Objection And Abortion. A Global Perspective On The Colombian Experience,”   English, 198 pages    Spanish, 210 pages    (Joint publication by Women’s Link Worldwide and the O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law.

—“Striking a Balance: Conscientious Objection and Reproductive Health Care from the Colombian Perspective,”  by Luisa Cabal, Monica Arango Olaya, Valentina Montoya Robledo,  Health and Human Rights Dec.  2014, 16/2.  Special issue on Health Rights Litigation.   Abstract and article online.

—see also:  “Healthcare responsibilities and Conscientious Objection” by R. J. Cook, M. Arango Olaya and B.M. Dickens,  International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 104 (2009): 249-252. English original.   Spanish translationOther “Ethical and Legal Issues in Reproductive Health”

[emergency contraception, Chile] “Morning-After Decisions: Legal Mobilization against Emergency Contraception in Chile,” by Fernando Muñoz León,  Michigan Journal of Gender and Law 21(2014):123-175.  Article online.

Health and Human Rights Resource Guide – updated 5th edition, from Harvard University. Searchable, available in English, Spanish and Georgian.  Resource Guide.

Health & Human Rights Syllabi Database has moved to USC:  Overview online.

[Late-stage clinical trials]  “Ethical issues for late-stage trials of multipurpose prevention technologies for HIV and pregnancy,” by Jessica A. Cohen, Anna C. Mastroianni and Ruth Macklin,  International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 127 (2014) 221–224.  Abstract and article online.

[Sexual and Gender-based Crimes]:  Prosecutor Fatou Bensouda of International Criminal Court publishes comprehensive Policy Paper.  More info and download.

[South Africa] “The Nasciturus Non-Fiction – The Libby Gonen Story – Contemporary Reflections on the Status of Nascitural Personhood in South African Law, by Marc Schulman (March 31, 2014 working paper).  Abstract and article online. 

US-focused news, resources, and legal developments are available on Repro Rights Prof Blog. View or subscribe.

NEWS:

Czech Republic: Controversial abortion pill (RU-486) goes on sale in Czech pharmacies.  English edition and Czech radio report.

Northern Ireland:  Public consultation on proposal to allow abortion for fetus with lethal abnormality  Newspaper article

JOBS / INTERNSHIPS

Global Legal Program 2015 Summer Internship at New York office- apply as soon as possible, before Nov 28, 2014 applications accepted on rolling basis.  Global internship details.

Legal Adviser for Latin America and the Caribbean, Bogota Colombia, Legal adviser LAC details.

US Federal Policy Law Student Intern, Center for Reproductive Rights, New York, USA.   Apply for Spring 2015 by Oct. 29, 2014  US internship details

Links to other employers in the field of Reproductive and Sexual Health Law are online here http://www.law.utoronto.ca/documents/reprohealth/joblinks.doc

Compiled by the Coordinator of the International Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Program, reprohealth*law at utoronto .ca .  For Program publications and resources, see our website, online here. TO JOIN THIS BLOG: enter your email address in upper right corner of this webpage, then check your email to confirm the subscription.


Calls, Conferences, Resources, News and Jobs

October 24, 2013

REPROHEALTHLAW-L

CALLS

Call for Papers, Health and Human Rights, an open-access peer-reviewed journal. Special issue on Health Rights litigation, submit by Feb. 15, 2014.  Information.

CONFERENCES

Health and Human Rights Conference: Shaping Inclusive Health Policy.  Keynote speaker is Stephen Lewis.   Nov. 1-2, 2013, Queen’s University, New Medical Building, 15 Arch Street, Kingston, ON, Canada
Registration and information.

Bioethics, Medical Ethics and Health Law: Towards the 21st Century.  Royal Continental Congress Center, Naples, Italy, Nov. 19-21, 2013.   Conference information. 

EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES

Georgetown University Law School is now accepting applications for:
Global Health Law LL.M. Program and
Global Health Law and International Institutions LL.M. Program,
jointly offered with the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (IHEID) in Geneva, Switzerland.  Also accepting applications for Global Health Law Scholarship for full or partial tuition waivers.

RESOURCES

“Abortion and the European Convention on Human Rights” by Gregor Puppinck,  Irish Journal of Legal Studies, Vol. 3(2) 2013: 142-193.
Article online.

[abortion – Australia]  “The Offence of Child Destruction: Issues for Medical Abortion”  by Mark J. Rankin, [2013] SydLawRw 1; (2013) 35(1) Sydney Law Review 1.  Article online.

[abortion – Colombia] “The Cost of Postabortion Care and Legal Abortion In Colombia” [including government policy implications], by Elena Prada, Isaac Maddow-Zimet and Fatima Juarez, International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health 39.3 (Sept 2013): 114-123
News Release.    Article online.

[abortion – foreign aid] “Abortion Restrictions in U.S. Foreign Aid: The History and Harms of the Helms Amendment,” by Sneha Barot, Guttmacher Policy Review 16.3 (Summer 2013): 9-13.  Article online.

[abortion law -UK] “Can English law accommodate moral controversy in medicine?  The case of abortion” by Margaret Brazier in Bioethics, Medicine and the Criminal Law, Vol. 1: The Criminal Law and Bioethical Conflict: Walking the Tightrope, ed. A. Alghrani, R. Bennett & S. Ost, Cambridge UP, 2013.   More info on book.

[Canada]  Law as a Tool for Addressing Social Determinants of Health by Martha Jackman.  In: Nola M. Ries, Tracey Bailey and Timothy Caulfield eds. Public Health Law & Policy in Canada, 3rd ed, 91-129, July 2013. Article online.

Child Marriage in South Asia:  International and Constitutional Legal Standards and Jurisprudence for Promoting Accountability and Change.  Center for Reproductive Rights.  75-page Briefing paper 

[child marriage] Accountability for Child Marriage:  Key U.N. Recommendations to Governments in South Asia on Reproductive Health and Sexual Violence.   11-page Fact Sheet 

Child Marriage in India: Socio-legal and Human Rights Dimensions by Jaya Sagade,  2nd edition, Oxford University Press, 2012     Overview.      Table of Contents.

[conscience]  “Contraception and the Birth of Corporate Conscience,” by Elizabeth Sepper, American University Journal of Gender, Social Policy & the Law, Forthcoming; Washington University in St. Louis Legal Studies Research Paper, 13-07-01. Article online.

Health, Citizenship, and Human Rights Advocacy Initiative: Improving Access To Health Services in Mexico” by Almudena Ocejo, International Budget Partnership Impact Case Study No. 15, July 2013. Article online.

[health and human rights], New book:  Global Health Disputes and Disparities: A Critical Appraisal of International Law and Population Health, by Dru Bhattacharya (Routledge, 2013) 184 pages) Book details.
Chapter 2 online:  “A Critical Assessment of Treaty-Monitoring Bodies: A Case Study of CEDAW’s Optional Protocol” online here.

Reproductive Health and Women’s Rights Curricula –  Syllabi for our courses:  “Reproductive and Sexual Health Law,” “Women’s Rights in Transnational Law,” “Case Studies in Health and Human Rights,” and “Women and International Human Rights Law”  all online here.

NEWS

Abortion Rights in Latin America: A Tale of Varying Woes.
Overview and update.

Bangladesh:  High Court Issues Rule on the Prohibition of “Two Finger” Test on Women and Girl Survivors of Rape.   Press release 

Canada: Foreign aid funds for maternal health initiative will not cover abortions for victims of rape or child marriage.  Newspaper report.

Complex Science at Issue in Politics of Fetal Pain.   New York Times.  News article.

El Salvador:  Women jailed for miscarriages  Slate magazine article.

Jamaica:  Policing women’s bodies by Carolyn Cooper, UWI.
Article online.

Nigeria:  Imo Governor repeals recent law allowing abortion  victims of rape or incest.  News item.

Polish Parliament rejects draft law to ban abortion on grounds of fetal malformation.   Sept 27, 2013.  Voting Tally.

[South Africa] Abortion in South Africa: a conspiracy of silence [legal abortion services not operational] News article.

Ugandan gynaecologists okay Misoprostol use to prevent excessive bleeding after childbirth by mothers who are unable to deliver in health facilities. (Oct 01, 2013)  News article.

UN Security Council Takes a Historic Stand Supporting Abortion Access for Women Raped in War.  AWID News.

US-focused news, resources, and legal developments are available on Repro Rights Prof Blog.  View or subscribe.

Vatican: Pope Francis denounces abortion after decrying church’s focus on rules.  CBS news item.

JOBS

Bernard J. Beazley Chair in Health Law and Policy, Full time professor Loyola University, Chicago USA.  Job details.

Associate, to work on domestic and global health law and policy projects, The O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law, Georgetown University, USA.  Apply by Nov. 30, 2013.  Associateship details.

Assistant/Associate Professor, Women’s and Gender Studies, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire.  USA.  Apply by Nov 15, 2013.
Job details.

Senior Gender Justice Advisor, Gender Resources, Inc., Papua New Guinea, for anticipated AusAID-funded Rule of Law project, JD or LLM degree required, Open until filled.   Job details.

Senior Gender Justice Advisor, Gender Resources, Inc., Indonesia,  for anticipated AusAID-funded Rule of Law project, JD or LLM degree required, Open until filled.  Job details.

Links to other employers in the field of Reproductive and Sexual Health Law are online here.

Compiled by the Coordinator of the International Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Program, reprohealth*law at utoronto*ca.   For Program publications and resources, see our website, online here.
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Court decisions, Events, Fellowships, Resources, News & Jobs

December 19, 2012

REPROHEALTHLAW-L
December 19, 2012

COURT DECISIONS

European Court of Human Rights, Z v. Poland, Application no. 46132/08, Judgment of Nov 13, 2012.  Woman died due to being refused diagnostic care and treatment for disease due to pregnancy, but Court did not find violation of article 2 (right to life).  
Decision online.     Comment from Center for Reproductive Rights  

European Court of Human Rights, I.G. and Others  v.  Slovakia, Application no. 15966/04, Judgment of Nov 13, 2012.  Sterilizations of Roma women without informed consent violated their human rights.  Decision online.      Brief summary by law student

Solomon Islands, High Court:  Regina v. Gua [2012] SBHC 118, 8 October 2012.   Rule exempting husbands from liability for rape on their wives is no longer applicable; it is no longer supported by common law and offensive to modern standards and principles of equality found in international conventions and the Constitution. (based on summary by Interights)    Full text of decision online.

EVENTS

“Sexual Violence in the Recent Conflicts in Libya and Syria: Challenges to Protecting Victims & Protecting Accountability,” organized by the International Human Rights Program,  Faculty of Law, University of Toronto, Canada, Bennett Lecture Hall, on February 8, 2013 (8:30 a.m.-6:00 p.m.).   More information

“Bodies of Law: Women’s Health & Equality” Feminist Legal Studies Conference, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
March 1-2, 2013.     More information

FELLOWSHIPS

Brocher Foundation – 1 to 4 month residencies in 2014 (Bioethics, medical ethics, Law) for researchers (PhD students to Professors) who wish to work on projects on the ethical, legal and social implications for humankind of recent medical research and new technologies.
Overview online.      Fellowship details.  

Erasmus Mundus Master of Bioethics for the academic year 2013-2014, organized by the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (Belgium), Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen (the Netherlands) and the Università degli Studi di Padova (Italy).  Apply by Jan. 15, 2013.  
Program Overview.      Scholarship information

Global Health Fellows,  2013-2014,  O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law at Georgetown University, Washington DC, USA.  Apply by Feb 22, 2013.   Fellowship details.

Women’s Human Rights Education Institute held in Toronto, Canada, May 22 – June 28, 2013 (6 weeks) Apply by Jan 31, 2013.  
Details online.       Scholarship information

RESOURCES

[abortion]   “Harm reduction: A novel approach to addressing unsafe abortion,” editorial in Medical Abortion Matters, Nov 2012   Article online.

[abortion]   “Ireland’s Restrictive Abortion Law – A Threat to Women’s Health and Rights?” by Rie Yoshida, Clinical Ethics 6.4 (Dec 2011): 172-178.   Article online.

[abortion – Latin America]  “ ‘The health exception’: a means of expanding access to legal abortion,” by Ana Cristina González Vélez,   Reproductive Health Matters 40(Dec 2012): 22-9.   Abstract online.

[abortion – Mexico] “On Abortion: Exploring Psychological Meaning and Attitudes in a Sample of Mexican Gynecologists” by Ma. Luisa Marván, Asunción Álvarez del Río and Zaira Campos, Developing World Bioethics, Abstract and early view for subscribers: 22 Nov. 2012

[abortion – Sri Lanka] “Misoprostol and the politics of abortion in Sri Lanka by Ramya Kumar, Reproductive Health Matters 40 (Dec 2012): 166-174.   Abstract online.

[abortion & Catholicism] “The Secret History of Sex, Choice and Catholics,” documentary-style film examines Catholic traditions and teachings on key issues: e.g. abortion & contraception, HIV/AIDS, sex & sexuality, new reproductive health technologies, and religion in public policy.  46-minute film online.  (To watch 2-minute clips on specific topics, scroll down on same page.)

“Abortion and Regret,” by Kate Greasley, Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (2012) : 705-711.  Abstract and Article

[conscience]  “Taking Conscience Seriously,” by Elizabeth Sepper, Virginia Law Review 98 (2012): 101-170.   Abstract and article online. 

[conscience]  “Recognizing Conscience in Abortion Provision,” by Lisa Harris, New England Journal of Medicine 367 (Sept 13 2012): 981-983.  Abstract and article online

[conscientious objection]  “When a Health Professional Refuses: Legal and regulatory limits on conscientious objection to provision of abortion care”  by Patty Skuster, Ipas, Chapel Hill, NC.
16-page Ipas report

Conscience and Conscientious Objection 
list of our publications and projects, with links.

[emergency contraception]  “El Status Jurídico de la Anticoncepción de Emergencia en América Latina” por Martin Hevia.  Texto traducido y reproducido con autorización de la Federación Internacional de Ginecología y Obstetricia (FIGO)   Spanish translation
 — “The Legal Status of Emergency Contraception in Latin America,” by Martin Hevia, International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 116 (2012): 87-90. English original

Emergency contraception: The story of a global reproductive health technology –  in 14 countries: Australia, Bangladesh, Britain, Chile, Canada, Jamaica, Lebanon, Mexico, Morocco, Nigeria, Tunisia, Thailand-Burma border, United States.   Publisher’s Information

Emergency Contraception
list of our publications and projects, with links.

[HIV+ pregnancy] “Pregnancy decisions of women living with HIV,” ed. Sofia Gruskin and Marge Berer, Supplement to Reproductive Health Matters 39 (Dec 2012), now available.   Table of Contents.

“International Human Rights Law: Towards Rethinking Sex/Gender Dualism and Asymmetry,” by Dianne L. Otto,  in A Research Companion to Feminist Legal Theory, M. Davies and V. Munro (eds.), forthcoming, Ashgate 2013.  Abstract and article online.

NEWS:

Colombia opens first abortion clinic – News article

Costa Rica: petition campaign to help “Aurora,” woman suffering with a nonviable fetus to have therapeutic abortion (supposedly legal in Costa Rica).  More information and call to action

Ireland:  Savita Halappanavar, a 31-year old dentist from India, denied termination during incomplete miscarriage at 17-weeks, died in University Hospital Gallway last month.  News article.

Ireland: Another Irish abortion scandal emerges: The Irish Government has paid substantial compensation to a cancer victim, Michelle Harte, endangered by pregnancy, refused abortion and cancer treatment, could not travel for abortion until it was too late.  Her lawyers sued last year for infringing her rights under the A B & C decision.  News article.

Ireland: Government pledges to allow abortions in life-threatening cases, including suicide risk  News article    Analysis

Luxemburg has adopted abortion on request within 12 weeks, Nov. 22, 2012,  Parliament voted 39 : 21 to change its abortion law of 1978.   After 12 weeks, abortion is legal for medical reasons.  
News article in German.

Mexico – interactive computer game, released by Ipas Mexico, provides youth with info on medical abortion.   Press release

Philippines: Reproductive Health bill approved on second reading in Congress 113-104 (Dec 12, 2012).  News article

Philippines:  Senate votes 13-8 for RH Bill on third and final reading (Dec. 17, 2012)  News article.  

Safe and unsafe induced abortions – global and regional levels 2008 and trends 1995-2008.   8-page WHO Information sheet.

Unsafe abortion incidence and mortality – Global and regional levels in 2008 and trends.   8-page WHO Information sheet

US-focused news, resources, and legal developments are available on Repro Rights Prof Blog.  View or subscribe.

JOBS

Program Officer, Law and Health Initiative & Sexual Health and Rights Project,  The Open Society Foundations, New York, NY, USA.  Apply by Dec. 31, 2012.   Job details.

Links to other employers in the field of Reproductive and Sexual Health Law are online here
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Compiled by the Coordinator of the International Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Program, reprohealth*law at utoronto.ca     
For Program publications and resources, see our website here.