REPROHEALTHLAW Updates — March 2017

March 29, 2017

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DEVELOPMENTS:
Caso I.V. v. Bolivia,   Sentencia de 30  Noviembre de 2016 (Excepciones Preliminares, Fondo, Reparaciones y Costas) Corte InterAmericana de Derechos Humanos [Inter-American Court of Human Rights]Decision 2016 in SpanishCase summary by Christina Zampas.  Amicus Curiae brief by Ciara O’Connell, Diana Guarnizo-Peralta and Cesar Rodriguez-Garavito in English.   Report on the Merits (2014) in English

Kenya Legal and Ethical Network on HIV & AIDS (KELIN) & 3 others v Cabinet Secretary Ministry of Health & 4 others [2016] Petition 250 of 2015 (High Court of Kenya Constitutional and Human Rights Division).  [Official collection of Kenyans’ HIV data halted, as “unconstitutional”]  Decision onlineComment from Jurist Blog.

[Kenya] Martin C.   v. Republic, Criminal Appeal No. 32 of 2015, April 26, 2016 (High Court of Kenya, at Malindi).  [sexual relationship between adult man of 23 and girl of 14 is not “defilement” because she sought it.  Prisoner released.]  Decision online.  {Summary by Godfrey Kangaude forthcoming on this blog.}

[South Africa] Dwenga and Others v Surgeon-General of the South African Military Health Services and Others [2014] ZAGPPHC 727, Case No. 40844/2013, the High Court at North Gauteng. [against discrimination toward HIV+ employees in the military.]  Summary for Legal Grounds III.    Decision online.

[South Africa] Gary Shane Allpass v Mooikloof Estates (Pty) Ltd. [2011], Case No. JS178/09, a Labour Court of South Africa.  [wrongful dismissal of HIV-positive employee].  Summary for Legal Grounds III.   Decision online.

CALLS:

Calls for Papers, Special Issue on “Gender and the Rise of the Global Right,” in Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society. Submit by September 15, 2017,  Detailed call for papers.

Callls for Applications, “Health Rights Litigation Intensive” June 26-30, 2017, one-week summer course at the O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law, at Georgetown University Law Center, Washington DC, USA.  Apply by April 10, 2017.  HR Litigation course info.

Gender Justice Uncovered awards 2017, is collecting the best and worst court decisions from 2016.  Nominate your best or worst case here in English.  Nomina tu caso ya  en Espanol.

RESOURCES

Abortion Law in Transnational Perspective: Cases and Controversies, ed. Rebecca J. Cook, Joanna N. Erdman and Bernard M. Dickens, Pennsylvania Studies in Human Rights Series, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2014. 
New 20% discount code: PH70.  Now in paperback (March 2017), 
Table of Contents.    Introduction online at SSRN.  Table of Cases online (Spanish and English, with links to court decisions.   ¡Ahora en español! El aborto en el derecho transnacional (CIDE/FCE, 2016)  folleto con sumario 

Brazilian Supreme Court abortion ruling – I-CONnect blog symposium of scholarly comments from five perspectives:  Rebecca J. Cook and Bernard M. Dickens, Chao-ju Chen; Grégor Puppinck; Debora Diniz and Christine Ricardo; and Rachel Rebouché. 5 perspectives on Brazilian abortion ruling.

Brazilian dossier on “Gênero, Raça e Pobreza: a abordagem de múltiplas identidades pelo Direito” [Gender, Race and Poverty: The Multiple Identities Approach to Law] Revista FGV Direito 22(2015), ed. Marta Machado, online here.  includes articles in Portuguese or English with abstracts in both languages, about: domestic violence laws, CEDAW, maternity in prison, and research in prisons (by D. Diniz), and abortion, i.e.:
—[South Africa, abortion] “Claiming and Defending Abortion Rights in South Africa” / Reivindicando e defendendo o direito ao aborto na África do Sul” by Cathi Albertyn, Revista FGV Direito 22 (2015): 429-454   English article with Portuguese abstract.

US-focused news, resources, and legal developments are available on Repro Rights Prof Blog.  View or subscribe.

JOBS

Links to other employers in the field of Reproductive and Sexual Health Law are online here

______________
Compiled by the Coordinator of the International Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Program, reprohealth*law at utoronto.ca For Program publications and resources, see our website, online here. TO JOIN THIS BLOG: enter your email address in upper right corner of this webpage, then check your email to confirm the subscription.


AFRICA: Legal Grounds III: Reproductive and Sexual Rights in Sub-Saharan African Courts – 54 case summaries

February 14, 2017

2017_legal_grounds

by: Godfrey Kangaude, Onyema Afulukwe, Guy-Fleury Ntwari, et al.
Foreword by Prof. Charles G. Ngwena
PULP (Pretoria University Law Press) 2017
228 page book onlinePrevious volumes.
Printable flyer with Table of Contents

Reproductive and sexual rights, which are guaranteed in constitutions and in international and regional human rights treaties, have no impact if they are not recognized and enforced by national-level courts. Legal Grounds: Sexual and Reproductive Rights in Sub-Saharan African Courts Volume III continues to provide much-needed information about whether and how national courts of African countries apply constitutional and human rights to protect reproductive and sexual rights. The case summaries, significance sections, and thematic highlights serve as useful resources for those seeking to further develop litigation, advocacy, and capacity- building strategies.

Like its predecessors, Legal Grounds: Reproductive and Sexual Rights in Sub-Saharan African Courts – Volume III is a tool for organizations, individuals, and institutions of learning. The scope of this third volume has been widened beyond Commonwealth African countries to include cases from Francophone countries, while focusing more exclusively on court decisions related to reproductive and sexual health. This compelling publication contributes towards a knowledge base of court decisions that bear directly or indirectly on the exercise of reproductive and sexual health as constitutional and human rights in Africa.
228 page book onlinePrevious volumes Printable flyer with Table of Contents.

TABLE OF CONTENTS:
Foreword, Introduction, Acknowledgments
Children and Adolescents
—Child, Forced and Early Marriage
—Female Genital Mutilation legal-grounds/
—Sexual Abuse, Assault and Violence
—Consensual Sexual Conduct
—Student Pregnancy
—Maternal Health Care and Services
Abortion and Fetal Interests
—Abortion
—Wrongful Birth or Life
Adoption and Surrogacy
—Adoption
—Surrogacy
Gender, Sexuality, Women and Discrimination
—Rape
—Disability, Sexuality and Criminal Law
—Women and Criminal Law
—Legal Recognition of Intersexuality
—Gender Identity
—Sexual Orientation
—Recognition of LGBTIQ Advocacy and Groups
HIV
—Access to Treatment
—Criminalisation of Transmission
—Forced Sterilization
—Discrimination in Employment
Francophone Africa / L’Afrique Francophone
—Adultery, Polygamy, Infanticide
Appendices – Table of Cases, Online Resources, Endnotes

HIGHLIGHTS BY AFRICAN AUTHORS:
Child Marriage: Legal and Socio-Cultural Aspects, by Godfrey Kangaude
Adolescent Consensual Sexual Conduct, by Godfrey Kangaude
Sexual Abuse, Assault and Violence, by Victoria Balogun
Maternal Health Care and Services, by Tinyade Kachika
Abortion and Fetal Interests, by Onyema Afulukwe
Adoption and Surrogacy, by Ronaldah Lerato Karabo Ozah
Gender, Sexuality, Women and Discrimination, by MaryFrances Lukera
Criminalisation of HIV Non-Disclosure, Exposure and Transmission, by Jacinta Nyachae
Sexual and Reproductive Rights of Women Living with HIV, by Ebenezer Durojaye
Towards Respect for Human Diversity, by Godfrey Kangaude

COUNTRIES:  Benin, Botswana, Kenya, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Uganda,  Zambia, Zimbabwe

228 page book online.  Previous volumes.
Printable flyer with Table of Contents.


Court decisions, Events, Fellowships, Resources, News & Jobs

December 19, 2012

REPROHEALTHLAW-L
December 19, 2012

COURT DECISIONS

European Court of Human Rights, Z v. Poland, Application no. 46132/08, Judgment of Nov 13, 2012.  Woman died due to being refused diagnostic care and treatment for disease due to pregnancy, but Court did not find violation of article 2 (right to life).  
Decision online.     Comment from Center for Reproductive Rights  

European Court of Human Rights, I.G. and Others  v.  Slovakia, Application no. 15966/04, Judgment of Nov 13, 2012.  Sterilizations of Roma women without informed consent violated their human rights.  Decision online.      Brief summary by law student

Solomon Islands, High Court:  Regina v. Gua [2012] SBHC 118, 8 October 2012.   Rule exempting husbands from liability for rape on their wives is no longer applicable; it is no longer supported by common law and offensive to modern standards and principles of equality found in international conventions and the Constitution. (based on summary by Interights)    Full text of decision online.

EVENTS

“Sexual Violence in the Recent Conflicts in Libya and Syria: Challenges to Protecting Victims & Protecting Accountability,” organized by the International Human Rights Program,  Faculty of Law, University of Toronto, Canada, Bennett Lecture Hall, on February 8, 2013 (8:30 a.m.-6:00 p.m.).   More information

“Bodies of Law: Women’s Health & Equality” Feminist Legal Studies Conference, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
March 1-2, 2013.     More information

FELLOWSHIPS

Brocher Foundation – 1 to 4 month residencies in 2014 (Bioethics, medical ethics, Law) for researchers (PhD students to Professors) who wish to work on projects on the ethical, legal and social implications for humankind of recent medical research and new technologies.
Overview online.      Fellowship details.  

Erasmus Mundus Master of Bioethics for the academic year 2013-2014, organized by the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (Belgium), Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen (the Netherlands) and the Università degli Studi di Padova (Italy).  Apply by Jan. 15, 2013.  
Program Overview.      Scholarship information

Global Health Fellows,  2013-2014,  O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law at Georgetown University, Washington DC, USA.  Apply by Feb 22, 2013.   Fellowship details.

Women’s Human Rights Education Institute held in Toronto, Canada, May 22 – June 28, 2013 (6 weeks) Apply by Jan 31, 2013.  
Details online.       Scholarship information

RESOURCES

[abortion]   “Harm reduction: A novel approach to addressing unsafe abortion,” editorial in Medical Abortion Matters, Nov 2012   Article online.

[abortion]   “Ireland’s Restrictive Abortion Law – A Threat to Women’s Health and Rights?” by Rie Yoshida, Clinical Ethics 6.4 (Dec 2011): 172-178.   Article online.

[abortion – Latin America]  “ ‘The health exception’: a means of expanding access to legal abortion,” by Ana Cristina González Vélez,   Reproductive Health Matters 40(Dec 2012): 22-9.   Abstract online.

[abortion – Mexico] “On Abortion: Exploring Psychological Meaning and Attitudes in a Sample of Mexican Gynecologists” by Ma. Luisa Marván, Asunción Álvarez del Río and Zaira Campos, Developing World Bioethics, Abstract and early view for subscribers: 22 Nov. 2012

[abortion – Sri Lanka] “Misoprostol and the politics of abortion in Sri Lanka by Ramya Kumar, Reproductive Health Matters 40 (Dec 2012): 166-174.   Abstract online.

[abortion & Catholicism] “The Secret History of Sex, Choice and Catholics,” documentary-style film examines Catholic traditions and teachings on key issues: e.g. abortion & contraception, HIV/AIDS, sex & sexuality, new reproductive health technologies, and religion in public policy.  46-minute film online.  (To watch 2-minute clips on specific topics, scroll down on same page.)

“Abortion and Regret,” by Kate Greasley, Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (2012) : 705-711.  Abstract and Article

[conscience]  “Taking Conscience Seriously,” by Elizabeth Sepper, Virginia Law Review 98 (2012): 101-170.   Abstract and article online. 

[conscience]  “Recognizing Conscience in Abortion Provision,” by Lisa Harris, New England Journal of Medicine 367 (Sept 13 2012): 981-983.  Abstract and article online

[conscientious objection]  “When a Health Professional Refuses: Legal and regulatory limits on conscientious objection to provision of abortion care”  by Patty Skuster, Ipas, Chapel Hill, NC.
16-page Ipas report

Conscience and Conscientious Objection 
list of our publications and projects, with links.

[emergency contraception]  “El Status Jurídico de la Anticoncepción de Emergencia en América Latina” por Martin Hevia.  Texto traducido y reproducido con autorización de la Federación Internacional de Ginecología y Obstetricia (FIGO)   Spanish translation
 — “The Legal Status of Emergency Contraception in Latin America,” by Martin Hevia, International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 116 (2012): 87-90. English original

Emergency contraception: The story of a global reproductive health technology –  in 14 countries: Australia, Bangladesh, Britain, Chile, Canada, Jamaica, Lebanon, Mexico, Morocco, Nigeria, Tunisia, Thailand-Burma border, United States.   Publisher’s Information

Emergency Contraception
list of our publications and projects, with links.

[HIV+ pregnancy] “Pregnancy decisions of women living with HIV,” ed. Sofia Gruskin and Marge Berer, Supplement to Reproductive Health Matters 39 (Dec 2012), now available.   Table of Contents.

“International Human Rights Law: Towards Rethinking Sex/Gender Dualism and Asymmetry,” by Dianne L. Otto,  in A Research Companion to Feminist Legal Theory, M. Davies and V. Munro (eds.), forthcoming, Ashgate 2013.  Abstract and article online.

NEWS:

Colombia opens first abortion clinic – News article

Costa Rica: petition campaign to help “Aurora,” woman suffering with a nonviable fetus to have therapeutic abortion (supposedly legal in Costa Rica).  More information and call to action

Ireland:  Savita Halappanavar, a 31-year old dentist from India, denied termination during incomplete miscarriage at 17-weeks, died in University Hospital Gallway last month.  News article.

Ireland: Another Irish abortion scandal emerges: The Irish Government has paid substantial compensation to a cancer victim, Michelle Harte, endangered by pregnancy, refused abortion and cancer treatment, could not travel for abortion until it was too late.  Her lawyers sued last year for infringing her rights under the A B & C decision.  News article.

Ireland: Government pledges to allow abortions in life-threatening cases, including suicide risk  News article    Analysis

Luxemburg has adopted abortion on request within 12 weeks, Nov. 22, 2012,  Parliament voted 39 : 21 to change its abortion law of 1978.   After 12 weeks, abortion is legal for medical reasons.  
News article in German.

Mexico – interactive computer game, released by Ipas Mexico, provides youth with info on medical abortion.   Press release

Philippines: Reproductive Health bill approved on second reading in Congress 113-104 (Dec 12, 2012).  News article

Philippines:  Senate votes 13-8 for RH Bill on third and final reading (Dec. 17, 2012)  News article.  

Safe and unsafe induced abortions – global and regional levels 2008 and trends 1995-2008.   8-page WHO Information sheet.

Unsafe abortion incidence and mortality – Global and regional levels in 2008 and trends.   8-page WHO Information sheet

US-focused news, resources, and legal developments are available on Repro Rights Prof Blog.  View or subscribe.

JOBS

Program Officer, Law and Health Initiative & Sexual Health and Rights Project,  The Open Society Foundations, New York, NY, USA.  Apply by Dec. 31, 2012.   Job details.

Links to other employers in the field of Reproductive and Sexual Health Law are online here
—————
Compiled by the Coordinator of the International Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Program, reprohealth*law at utoronto.ca     
For Program publications and resources, see our website here.


REPROHEALTHLAW listserve, Oct 22, 2011

October 23, 2011

COURT DECISIONS, NEWS & RESOURCES

COURTS:

Canadian Supreme Court – historic decision for harm reduction – Ministry of Health ordered to exempt Insite (safe injection site for drug users to reduce HIV transmission) from federal drug laws.  Canada (Attorney General) v. PHS Community Services Society, 2011 SCC 44, Docket  33556
decision online 

CEDAW –  maternal death in Brazil:   Alyne da Silva Pimentel Teixeira (deceased) v Brazil, CEDAW, UN Doc CEDAW/C/49/D/17/2008 (2011)  decision online  Commentary

Mexican Supreme Court dismisses unconstitutionality claim against constitutional amendments in 2 states protecting life from moment of conception. News item

New Zealand Court of Appeal and Supreme Court.  Abortion Supervisory Committee v. Right to Life New Zealand Inc.  [2011] NZCA 246.  Decision online    Commentary

CALLS:

[fellowship] Petrie-Flom Academic Fellowship 2012-2014, Petrie-Flom Center for Health Law Policy, Biotechnology and Bioethics,  Harvard Law School, USA, Apply by Nov 14, 2011.  More info

[fellowship] John Peters Humphrey Fellowship in International Human Rights, 2012, for students in Canadian law & political science (or equivalent) faculties. Apply to Nov 15, 2011  More info

[papers] Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law, special issue on public health law research.  submit paper by Mar 15, 2012. More info

[project funding] Calls for Proposals re funding re sexual/ repro health/rights projects offered by the European Union.  E-neus: Oct 17 edition  online here

EVENTS

(Canada) Reference Re Assisted Human Reproduction Act: Implications of the Supreme Court’s Decision,  symposium, November 4-5, 2011, Bennett Lecture Hall, Flavelle House, Faculty of Law,University of Toronto,Canada.  More info

NEWS:

Indonesia: Safe abortion hotline launched by Women on Waves.  More info

 Mexican president wants change in abortion stance under 1981 Pact of San Jose on Human Rights .  More info

RESOURCES

[abortion] Access to Information on Safe Abortion: A Harm Reduction and Human Rights Approach, by Joanna Erdman, Harvard Journal of Law & Gender, Vol. 34, pp. 413-462, 2011 . online at SSRN
 
[abortion, in Spanish] Special issue on abortion in “Cuestión de Derechos” with articles by Mercedes Cavallo and Paola Bergallo. online here

[access to medicines] IDPC Drug Policy Guide – global evidence & best practices on policy & program design
Executive Summary: English, Arabic, Chinese, Czech, French, ItalianRussian & Spanish
Full text (124 pages): English, French, Spanish, Russian, Georgian & HTML. .

[access to medicines, patents, India] “Freedom under TRIPS: India as an Example. By Cynthia M. Ho, in book: Access to Medicine in the Global Economy: International Agreements on Patents and Related Rights, Oxford University Press, 2011 online at SSRN
 
[access to medicines, patents, Latin America]
—The Influence of the Andean Intellectual Property Regime on Access to Medicines in Latin America, by Laurence R Helfer & Karen J. Atler, in book: Balancing Wealth and Health: Global Administrative Law and the Battle over Intellectual Property and Access to Medicines in Latin America, ed. Rochelle Dreyfuss, César Rodríguez Garavito, 2011. online at SSRN

—-The Rights-Based Approach to Intellectual Property and Access to Medicine: Parameters and Pitfalls, by Smita Narula, in book: Balancing Wealth and Health: Global Administrative Law and the Battle over Intellectual Property and Access to Medicines in Latin America, ed. Rochelle Dreyfuss, César Rodríguez Garavito, 2011.  online at SSRN

[Africa] Health Care Challenges in Africa: Is Millennium Development Goal 8 an Adequate Panacea? (2011 working paper by Obiajulu Nnamuchi  & Simon Uche Ortuanya, suggests solutions to structural/operational difficultlies re international assistance). online at SSRN

[Conscience – individual, institutional]  Whose Conscience Counts? by Elizabeth Sepper, (2011).  working paper online

[homosexuality -Botswana,India,South Africa, US, Zimbabwe] Morality Tales in Comparative Jurisprudence: What the Law Says About Sex by Allison L. Jernow, analyzes use of public morality justifications in constitutional challenges to laws that criminalize same-sex sexual relationships, use of privacy and equality as counter-arguments to morality. AmsterdamLaw Forum, Vol. 3, No. 2, p. 4, 2011 .  online

Legal Perspectives on Gender and Sexual Equality, Amsterdam Law Forum, Vol 3, No 2 (2011). online

[rape] The Crime of Rape Under the Rome Statute of the ICC (with a Special Emphasis on the Jurisprudence of the Ad Hoc Criminal Tribunals) by Nicole Brigitte Maier, Amsterdam Law  Forum, Vol. 3, No. 2, p. 146, 2011 . online 

[same-sex rights] The Miraculous Year 2010 in United States’ Gay Rights Law: Anomaly or Tipping Point? By Arthur S. Leonard,  Amsterdam Law Forum, Vol. 3, No. 2, p. 176, 2011 .  online

Same-Sex Relationships in Europe: Trends Toward Tolerance?  By Ian Curry-Sumner,   Amsterdam Law Forum, Vol. 3, No. 2, p. 43, 2011 .  online

[same-sex marriage] The Institution of Marriage and Other Domestic Relations [re flaws of legalizing same-sex marriage] by Lynn D. Wardle, Amsterdam Law Forum, Vol. 3, No. 2, p. 160, 2011.  online

[sex-trafficking, Africa] Human Slavery’s New Era in Sub-Saharan Africa: Combating the Trafficking of Women and Girls for Sexual Exploitation, Report of Findings for Equality Now-Nairobi (August 13, 2010). By Kimberly Marie Brown   Online.

[sex work – India]  Legal Measures Towards Mainstreaming Indian Sex Workers: Would the Swedish Model Work in India? Working paper by Ankita Gulati online

Sexual And Reproductive Rights: More Than Just Health – analysis of Anand Grover’s report to the UN General Assembly, which  focuses on women’s freedom, decision-making, process, and autonomy – by Sandra Dughman Manzur with Shareen Gokal  Online analysis

Unequal in Exile: Gender Equality, Sexual Identity and Refugee Status(2011). By Dale Buscher,  Amsterdam Law Forum, Vol. 3, No. 2, p. 92, 2011 .  Online

 [VAW during wars] Contextualizing Sexual Violence Committed During the War on Terror: A Historical Overview of International Accountability [evolution of international norms re rape & sexual violence] by Alexa Koenig, Ryan S Lincoln & Lauren Groth. University of San Francisco Law Review, Vol. 45, No. 4, p. 911, 2011. online at SSRN

 US:   Reproductive Rights Prof Blog provides US-focused scholarship and news. Subscribe here.


COURTS, DECISIONS, RESOURCES, NEWS

September 29, 2011
 
CEDAW  DECISION
Alyne da Silva Pimentel Teixeira (deceased) v Brazil, CEDAW, UN Doc CEDAW/C/49/D/17/2008 (2011)
(Listserve commentary forthcoming) decision
 
COURT COMPLAINT AGAINST THE VATICAN
Clergy Sex Victims File International Criminal Court Complaint:  Case Charges Vatican Officials with ‘Crimes Against Humanity’ news article
 
NEWS
 
Tunisia:  Government lifts key reservations to CEDAW treaty  News article
 
US:   Reproductive Rights Prof Blog provides US-focused scholarship and news. Subscribe here:
 
RESOURCES:
 
[Argentina] Women’s Rights at the Argentine Supreme Court: Innovative Non-Jurisdictional Offices for Women and a Conservative Jurisprudence on Reproductive Rights, working paper by Alba Ruibal.
 
[Brazil]   Report on Impact of criminalization in 5 Brazilian states
By Gilberta S. Soares, Maria Beatriz Galli and Ana Paula de A.L. Viana, Ipas, 2011.
 
[Brazil & South Africa]
HIV Science and Institutional Interpretations: The Politics of Life and Death in Brazil and South Africa, APSA 2011 Annual Meeting  Paper
 
[Canada: Ontario] Abortion Expert Panel Report. (2011). Recommendations to improve abortion services in Ontario. Toronto: Echo: Improving Women’s Health in Ontario, 2011.  —Appendix:  Induced Abortion in Ontario: Case Scenarios
 
[Canada] Formal Equality in Law, Moral Regulation in Practice: Courts Versus Policy Makers as Champions of Sexuality and Reproductive Rights in Canada by Linda White. APSA 2011 Annual Meeting Paper.
 
The Costs of Reproduction: History and the Legal Construction of Sex Equality (by Deborah Dinner). Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review (CR-CL), Vol. 46, 2011  article
 
[drugs, pregnancy] “Unshackling Addiction: A Public Health Approach to Drug Use During Pregnancy”   by Seema Mohapatra
Wisconsin Journal of Law, Gender & Society, Fall 2011 article
 
[discrimination, Hong Kong]  The Mainlander as ‘Other’ in the Maternity Wards of Hong Kong, [recent cases, discrimination] by Rohan B.E.Price & John K.S. Ho, working paper 
 
[Japan]  Norm Internalization through Transnational Legal Process: The Case of Individual Compensation for the Former Wartime Comfort Women, by Naoko Kumagai, APSA 2011 Annual Meeting Paper.
 
Mechanisms for advancing women’s human rights: A guide to using the Optional Protocol to CEDAW and other international complaint mechanisms, 95-pages. Guide
 
Non-Discrimination in International Law: A Handbook for Practitioners (Interights) 261-pages.  Guide
 
Performing Legal Order: Some Feminist Thoughts on International Criminal Law, by Doris Buss, International Criminal Law Review, Vol. 11, pp. 409-423, 2011.  article
 
[prenatal testing] And Genetic Testing for All….The Coming Revolution in Prenatal Genetic Testing, by Jaime S. King, Rutgers Law Journal, 2011.  article
 
[prostitution] The Changing Social and Legal Context of Sexual Commerce – Why Regulation Matters , by Jane Scoular,  working paper
—[Netherlands] Regulation of Sex Work in Netherlands, by Jane Scoular, working  paper:
—[Sweden] Regulation of Sex Work in Sweden, ESRC, by Jane Scoular,  working paper
—Regulating the Spaces of Sex Work (by Jane Scoular)  working paper
 
The Human Rights Framing of Maternal Health: A Strategy for Politicization or a Path to Genuine Empowerment? by Candace Johnson and Surma Das. APSA 2011 Annual Meeting Paper.
 
[Rwandan law &]  Doctors’ Civil Liabilities Arising from Negligent Prenatal Genetic Counseling, working paper by Evode Kayitana
 
Same Sex Marriage Symposium (by Macarena Saez, in Spanish). Anuario de Derechos Humanos, 2011 ; article in Spanish
 
Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity and Justice: A Comparative Law Casebook, 2011.  417 pages, Online.