REPROHEALTHLAW Updates

May 28, 2015

REPROHEALTHLAW-L  May 28, 2015

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DECISIONS

GENDER JUSTICE OBSERVATORY-  Voting open until May 31, 2015
Vote the Best or Worst Decisions that promote or negatively affect gender equality
View all Nominated Decisions:   English    Spanish
How to vote:  English video    Spanish video

KENYA:  Hospital liable for costs of unwanted child after failure to implant contraceptive.
AAA v. Registered Trustees of Aga Khan University Hospital, Civil Case no. 3 of 2013, High Court of Kenya at Nairobi, Civil Division.
Decision online.    Newspaper summaryDetailed summary by Godfrey Kangaude

PHILIPPINES – Contraception ban in Manila, inquiry report by UN – CEDAW, finds reproductive rights violations and discrimination. CEDAW inquiry report online.   Center for Reproductive Rights Press release.

SOUTH AFRICA – “Ukuthwala (customary law) is not a defence against rape of a child.”
High Court of the Western Cape
Jezile v S (A127/2014) [2015] ZAWCHC (23 March 2015)
Detailed Case Summary of Jezile case.  Entire Judgment.
University of Pretoria’s Centre for Child Law: Press Release

UGANDA – Preventable maternal death and constitutional right to health – Centre for Health, Human Rights and Development (CEHURD) and others v. Attorney General, Constitutional Petition No. 16 of 2011 (Constitutional Court of Uganda) [2012] UGCC 4, 5 June 2012. Decision online.   Legal Comment.    NEWS: Overruled by Supreme Court in 2015.

EVENTS:

“Bioethics, Medical Ethics and Health Law”
UNESCO Chair in Bioethics 11th World Conference
Royal Continental Congress Center
October 20-22, 2015, Naples, Italy  Conference details.

2016 FIAPAC Conference
13 – 15 October 2016
Lisbon, Portugal  Conference details.

RESOURCES

Inspiring a Medico-Legal Revolution: Essays in Honour of Sheila McLean,  ed. Pamela Ferguson and Graeme Laurie (Ashgate,  June 2015)
Book abstract and details .
Part I:  Issues at the Beginning of Life, includes:

1 Reproductive Health and the Law, by Rebecca J. Cook and Bernard M. Dickens,

2 DIY Abortion and Harm Reduction, by Emily Jackson,

3 Parenthood and Artificial Human Reproduction: The Dangers of Inappropriate Medicalisation, by Kenneth McK. Norrie,

4 ‘Fetal Infants’: At the Edge of Life? by Margot Brazier and John Harris.

Abortion Law in Transnational Perspective:  Cases and Controversies, ed. Rebecca J. Cook, Joanna N. Erdman and Bernard M. Dickens, 16 chapters.  University of Pennsylvania Press, 2014, 482 pages. Introduction by the editors: online through SSRN. Book reviewers should contact Gigi Lamm (glamm {a} pobox. upenn. edu) Includes 16 chapters, Table of Legislation, Table of Cases, also online here, with links to abortion-related decisions in English and/or other languages). Table of Contents online here. Purchase info: link to U Penn Press.

[abortion] The Responsibility Objection to Abortion: Rejecting the Notion that the Responsibility Objection Successfully Refutes a Woman’s Right to Choose, by Ian K. McDaniel,  Bioethics, 29.4 (2015)  pp. 291-299, 2015. Abstract online.

[conscience]  Managing Conscientious Objections in Intensive Care Medicine,  An Official American Thoracic Society Policy Statement, by Thaddeus Mason Pope and Mithya Lewis-Newby, Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2015 Jan 15;191(2):219-27. Abstract Online.

[conscience]  Medical Law Review – special issue 23, on Conscience and Proper Medical Treatment, intro Sara Fovargue, Sheelagh McGuinness, Alexandra Mullock, and Stephen Smith
— Medicine and Abortion Law, by Sheelagh McGuinness and Michael Thomson
— Conscientious Objection:  Personal and Professional Ethics in the Public Square, by Jonathan Montgomery
— “In Good Conscience”:  Conscience-based exemptions and Proper Medical Treatment, by Sara Fovargue and Mary Neal
— Making decisions about decision-making: Conscience, Regulation and the Law, by José Miola
— A Bridge too Far: Individualised Claims of Conscience, by Stephen W. Smith
— Gillick Reinstated: Judging Mid-Childhood Competence in Healthcare Law: An NHS Trust v. ABC and a local Authority [2014] EWHC 1445 (FAM)
— Book Review:  Conscience and Conviction: The case for civil disobedience, by Clayton Ó Néill

[Ethics] New guidelines from the FIGO  for the Ethical Aspects of Human Reproduction and Women’s Health, published in the International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics (IJGO)
— Health consequences of child or adolescent marriage,  IJGO 128.1, Jan. 2015, pp 83-84. Online
 — Adolescent pregnancies, IJGO  128.2, Feb. 2015, pp. 185-186  Online.
— Conscientious objection in training IJGO 128.1 1, Jan 2015, pp. 89-90  Online.
— Women’s post-reproductive lives, IJGO 128. 2, Feb. 2015, pp. 189-190.  Online.
— Healthcare professionals’ responses to violence against women, IJGO 128.1, Jan. 2015, pp 87-88.  Online.
— Conflict of interest, including relationships with industry, IJGO 128.3, Mar. 2015, pp 282-283.  Online.

Holistic Pregnancy: Rejecting the Theory of the Adversarial Mother, by Rona Kaufman Kitchen, Hastings Women’s Law Journal, 26.2( 2015)  Article online.

[Latin America] “Reproduction and the Rule of Law in Latin America, by Michele Goodwin and Allison M. Whelan, Fordham Law Review, Vol. 83, No. 5, 2015; UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2015-44. Article online.

NEWS

Dominican Republic: Abortion Law Debated in Supreme Court,
Center for Reproductive Rights Press release

Ecuador – CEDAW recommends to decriminalize abortion for rape, incest and severe fetal impairment,  Concluding Observations – Ecuador.  Press release from Human Rights Watch.

Guyana:  Twenty years after legalization, the stigma of abortion still prevents effective implementation, by Fred Nunes (in Stabroek Newspaper)

Mexico:  legal grounds for abortion have been increased in three Mexican states: Guerrero, Michoacan and Tlaxcala. GIRE report

Morocco  considers new abortion law, led by the king and a gynecologist.  Guardian newspaper

Myanmar: population control bill signed into law despite concerns it could be used to persecute minorities.  News report.

Paraguay:  Raped 10-year old denied abortion is “tantamount to torture” claims Amnesty International.  News report

US-focused news, resources, and legal developments are available on Repro Rights Prof Blog. View or subscribe.

World Health Organization:  Misoprostol for treating Post-Partum Hemorrhage is included in the Model List of Essential Medicines
Model List.

Zimbabwe: Child brides take government to court over marriage laws.  News report.

JOBS 

Links to other employers in the field of Reproductive and Sexual Health Law are online here

Compiled by the Coordinator of the International Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Program, reprohealth*law at utoronto.ca.   For Program publications and resources, see our website, online here. TO JOIN THIS BLOG: enter your email address in upper right corner of this webpage, then check your email to confirm the subscription.


REPROHEALTHLAW Updates: Developments, Calls, Resources and News

June 6, 2014

REPROHEALTHLAW BLOG,  June 2014

SUBSCRIBE TO REPROHEALTHLAW:  To receive these updates monthly by email, enter your address in upper right corner of this webpage, then check your email to confirm the subscription.

DEVELOPMENTS:

United Kingdom:  Doctors will be able to approve abortions after conducting consultations over the phone or by Skype, according to new guidance  News article.

United Kingdom: A British high court judge ruled that a 13-year-old girl was mentally capable of deciding to abort her baby  News article.

CALLS AND CONFERENCES:

Call for Abstracts: Overcoming Obstacles – Towards the effective implementation of the rights of women with disabilities in Africa, Center for Human Rights, University of Pretoria, South Africa, Tues/Wed Nov 4-5, 2014, Submit abstract by June 15, 2014.    Call for abstracts online.

“Abortion: The Unfinished Revolution”
August 7-8,  2014 at the University of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, PEI, Canada  preliminary program   more info.

EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES

Harvard Course on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights Litigation. 3-day intensive course Nov. 3-5, plus invitation to “Sexual and Reproductive Rights ‘Lawfare’ in International Tribunals,” 2-day international symposium,  on November 6-7, 2014.  Apply by July 1, 2014.  Course details online.

RESOURCES

Abortion Care, ed. Sam Rowlands, forthcoming, Cambridge University Press,  August 2014.  Paperback.  Further details.   Chapters include:
~  Abortion in international human rights law, by Joanna N. Erdman
~  the Australian experience, by Kerry Petersen
~  Stigma and issues of conscience, by Kelly R. Culwell and Caitlin Gerdts

Abortion Law in Transnational Perspective:  Cases and Controversies,  ed. Rebecca J. Cook, Joanna N. Erdman and Bernard M. Dickens, 16 chapters.  Forthcoming, University of Pennsylvania Press, August 2014.  To receive details when it is published, email reprohealth. law\at/ utoronto. ca with subject “abortion book flyer”.

[abortion – adolescents] “Sixteen and Pregnant: Minors’ Consent in Abortion and Adoption,” by Malinda L. Seymore. Yale Journal of Law & Feminism 25.1 2013. Abstract and Article.

[abortion advocacy strategy] “Using Aikido to Change the Abortion Conversation” (using quotes from bible & saints for pro-choice purposes)   by Valerie Tarico, RH Reality Check article.

[abortion – European Court of Human Rights]    “[The Judgement A, B and C v. Ireland and the Question of Abortion: A ‘New Departure’ in the European Court of Human Rights on Consensus and Margin of Appreciation?] 
= La sentencia A, B y C contra Irlanda y la cuestión del aborto: ¿Un ‘punto de inflexión’ en la jurisprudencia del Tribunal Europeo de Derechos Humanos en materia de consenso y margen de apreciación nacional?”   by Francisco Javier Mena Parras,  Anuario de Derechos Humanos No. 8, 2012, pp. 115-124.   Abstracts in Spanish and English,   Article in Spanish.

[abortion – sex selection.] “Replacing Myths with Facts: Sex-Selective Abortion Laws in the United States.”  by the International Human Rights Clinic of the University of Chicago, in partnership with National Asian Pacific American Women’s Forum (NAPAWF) and Advancing New Standards in Reproductive Health (ANSIRH). (2014)   Abstract and 46-page report.

[conscience] “Religion as a Legal Proxy” by Micah Schwartzman, forthcoming,  San Diego Law Review,  Abstract and article online.

“Conscientious objection and refusal to provide reproductive healthcare: A white paper examining prevalence, health consequences, and policy responses,” by Wendy Chavkin, Liddy Leitman, and Kate Polin, for Global Doctors for Choice  69-page paper in English. now also in Spanish.
—“ ‘Dishonourable disobedience’ – Why refusal to treat in reproductive healthcare is not conscientious objection” by Christian Fiala and  Joyce H. Arthur, forthcoming  in Woman – Psychosomatic Gynaecology and Obstetrics, proofs online
—Followup blogpost: “Competing Rights: Exploring the Boundaries of ‘Conscientious Objection” by Wendy Chavkin online at RH Reality Check.

[divorce – Philippines] “Reintroduction of Divorce in the Philippines,” LL.M. thesis by Jihan Jacob.  Abstract online, with author’s contact information

Ethical and Legal Issues in Reproductive Health – 65 articles published in the International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics  available online, including Reducing Stigma in Reproductive Health, and  Noninvasive pre-natal genetic diagnosis .

[Poland] 6th Congress of Women, May 9-10, 2014, Warsaw, Poland, 10 demands include:  “Recognition of women’s rights to make decisions concerning reproduction, including right to sex education for everyone introduced in primary school.” presented to Polish Prime Minister Donald Tusk.  Demands online.

[sterilization] Eliminating forced, coercive and otherwise involuntary sterilization – An interagency statement by OHCHR, UN Women, UNAIDS, UNDP, UNFPA, UNICEF and WHO, May 2014, 17 page report

[women’s rights] “Women’s Charters and Declarations: Building Another World,” by Rashida Manjoo (United Nations Special Rapporteur on violence against women)  (London: Women Living Under Muslim Laws (WLUML), 2013)  89-page report 

[wrongful birth – Canada] “Supressing Damages in Involuntary Parenthood Actions: Contorting Tort Law, Denying Reproductive Freedom, and Discriminating Against Mothers” by Bruce Feldthusen, (working paper, May 5, 2014).

NEWS

[child marriage – Pakistan] Bill prohibiting child marriage now a law.  News report

Chile Might Change One Of The Most Restrictive Abortion Laws In The World.    News Article.  Later article.

[embryos] European Commission will not stop financing activities that destroy embryos.  Reply to “One of Us” initiative, may 28, 2014.  Press release in many languages.

[Guyana]  Plans being refined to offer abortion service at public hospitals – Chief Medical Officer says.  News article.

Jamaican MP, Dayton Campbell, a medical doctor and lawyer, advocates reform of “ancient” abortion laws –  June 1, 2014  newspaper article.

[polygamy – Kenya]   President Uhuru Kenyatta Signs controversial law legalizing the longstanding customary practice of polygamy.
BBC Report .  CNN Report.

[Senegal]  11-year-old girl, refused abortion after rape, gives birth prematurely to twins. News article.

US-focused news, resources, and legal developments are available on Repro Rights Prof Blog.  View or subscribe.

JOBS

Links to other employers in the field of Reproductive and Sexual Health Law are online here

Compiled by the Coordinator of the International Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Program, reprohealth*law at utoronto.ca   For Program publications and resources, see our website, online here. TO JOIN THIS BLOG: enter your email address in upper right corner of this webpage,, then check your email to confirm the subscription.

 

 


Reintroduction of Divorce into Philippine Law

April 30, 2014

Congratulations to Jihan  Jacob, LL.M., a graduate of the University of Toronto’s Faculty of Law, who submitted her thesis for a Master of Laws degree in August 2013.  We thank her for providing the following abstract.  We also wish her all the best in her new position as Legal Fellow for Asia with the Center for Reproductive Rights.  She can be reached at jihan.jacob\at/gmail.com.

REINTRODUCTION OF DIVORCE INTO PHILIPPINE LAW

by Jihan A. Jacob, Master of Laws, Faculty of Law, University of Toronto

2013

The Philippines and Vatican City are the only states left in the world without divorce. During pre-colonial times and the Japanese occupation of the country, absolute divorce was legal and widely practiced. At present, while the Philippines recognizes relative divorce, or legal separation as termed under its Family Code, it has not sanctioned absolute divorce in the country except for Muslims and foreigners.

The thesis argues for the reintroduction of absolute divorce into Philippine law on a legal, pragmatic, and rights-based approach. It argues that divorce protects and strengthens the family; it is legal, constitutional, and in compliance with the international human rights obligations of the Philippines; it answers the issues on and inadequacies of the existing legal framework on nullity, annulment, and legal separation; it is one of the solutions to decrease, if not end, spousal violence; and its absence is discriminatory on the grounds of social class, religion, and nationality.

The Philippines may still have a long way to go before divorce is finally restored in its laws; however, bringing back divorce in the country is undoubtedly called for, certain, and inevitable.

Abstracts of other graduate theses in our field are online here.


Developments, resources, news, scholarships & opportunities

December 18, 2013

SUBSCRIBE TO REPROHEALTHLAW:  To receive these updates monthly by email, enter your address in upper right corner of this webpage, then check your email to confirm the subscription.

DECISIONS AND CASES

CEDAW decision:  S.V.P. v. Bulgaria, CEDAW, UN Doc. CEDAW/C/53/D/31/2011 held state accountable for inadequate legal protections and failure to exercise due diligence re girl (“V.P.P.”) subjected to sexual violence and molestation by adult neighbour.
CEDAW decision dated November 24, 2012, online. 
Case summary by Simone Cusack online.  

Inter-American Court of Human Rights – El Salvador Government being sued over treatment of Beatriz and Criminalization of Abortion.  Lawsuit filed November 29, 2013 by the Citizen Group for the Decriminalization of Abortion in El Salvador, the Feminist Collective for Local Development, CEJIL (Center for Justice and International Law), and Ipas Central America.
English article online.   Spanish article online.

United States – Catholic hospitals:  American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) is suing US Catholic bishops for hospital directives below standard of care for pregnant woman.  Press release online.

RESOURCES

[abortion]  “Reductions in abortion-related mortality following policy reform: evidence from Romania, South Africa and Bangladesh,” by Janie Benson, Kathryn Andersen and Ghazaleh Samandari  Reproductive Health 8.39 (2011). Abstract and Article online here.

[abortion, health, human rights.] New book:  Health and Human Rights by  Thérèse Murphy, (Oxford: Hart Publishing 2013)  includes chapter on reproductive rights:  “The Dignity of Choice” pp. 159-187.  Book details online.

[abortion – Ireland] Ruth Fletcher’s submission to the Oireachtas Abortion Hearings (May 21, 2013)
available in Human Rights in Ireland blog May 22, 2013
8 minute radio spot – MP3 file May 21, 2013
Other abortion posts on Human Rights in Ireland blog.

[abortion – Ireland – women forced to travel]  “Peripheral governance: administering transnational healthcare flows,” by Ruth Fletcher, in International Journal of Law in Context 9 (2013):160-191,  doi:10.1017/S1744552313000074  Abstract online.

[abortion- mifepristone (RU-486) not approved in Canada] “Medical abortion in Canada:  Behind the Times,” by Sheila Dunn and Rebecca Cook.   Canadian Medical Association Journal, Nov. 25, 2013
Early view extract online.
Globe and Mail newspaper article.    Toronto Star newspaper article.

[conscientious objection]   “Let Conscience Be Their Guide? Conscientious Refusals in Health Care” Bioethics special issue,
Table of Contents with full text access for institutional subscribers.

—Editorial by volume editors Carolyn McLeod and Jocelyn Downie (pages ii–iv)

—“Am I My Profession’s Keeper?  by Avery Kolers, (pp. 1-7).

—“Conscientious Refusal and Health Professionals: Does Religion Make a Difference?” by Daniel Weinstock, pp. 8-15

—“Justification for Conscience Exemptions in Health Care” by Lori Kantymir and Carolyn McLeod (pp 16-23).

—“A Neglected Aspect of Conscience: Awareness of Implicit Attitudes” by Chloë Fitzgerald (pp 24–32).

—“Welcome to the Wild, Wild North: Conscientious Objection Policies Governing Canada’s Medical, Nursing, Pharmacy, and Dental Professions,” by Jacquelyn Shaw and Jocelyn Downie (pp 33–46).

[emergency contraception and conscientious objection, Italy]    “Whose Self-Determination? Barriers to Access to Emergency Hormonal Contraception in Italy” by  Emanuela Ceva and Sofia Moratti, Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 23.2 (2013): 139-67. Abstract and article online here.

[ethical and legal issues in reproductive health] Full texts of concise papers on Ethical and Legal Issues in Reproductive Health, published in the International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology since 1999.  Wide range of topics,  including vitro fertilization, access to reproductive health information, applying human rights to maternal health, WHO guidance on safe abortion and harm reduction.   Full texts online on our website.

[health and human rights] Book:  Advancing the Human Right to Health, ed. Jose M. Zuniga, Stephen P. Marks, Lawrence O Gostin (Oxford University Press, 2013)  includes chapters on Brazil, China, Ghana, Haiti, Japan, Mexico, Peru, South Africa, the Philippines, the United Kingdom and the United States; also includes:
—“Advancing the right to health through litigation,” by Oscar A Cabrera and Ana S. Ayala
—“The right to health in post-apartheid era South Africa,” by Charles Ngwena, Rebecca Cook, and Ebenezer Durojaye    Book details online here.

[reproductive health, MDGs] “New development paradigms post-2015 for health, SRHR and gender equality, includes experiences from Brazil, India, Kenya, Lao PDR, Mexico, Nigeria,  South Africa and Uganda,  all in current issue of Reproductive Health Matters 21.42 (Nov. 2013).
Articles and Table of Contents are online here.

NEWS

[abortion – Australia, New South Wales (NSW)] – Decriminalise abortion: pro-choice in practice is not the same as legal protection by Prof. George Williams, Professor of Law at University of NSW.  “Zoe’s Law” (now a bill) would protect the unborn fetus.  Comment in the Sydney Morning Herald.

[abortion] “Israel’s Secular-Religious Abortion Compromise”  discusses legal context.  Online news article.

[emergency contraception – levonorgestrel] European authorities involved in the process decided to include the following statement in the levonorgestrel labeling: ‎”In clinical trials, contraceptive efficacy was reduced in women weighing 75 kg or more and levonorgestrel was not effective in women who weighed more than 80 kg.”

[Europe] Estrela report on SRHR sent back to European Parliament by FEMM.   Briefing paper for Dec 10, 2013 vote.

Russia:  Putin signs law banning abortion advertisement in Russia.  News article online.

US-focused news, resources, and legal developments are available on Repro Rights Prof Blog.  View or subscribe here.

EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES

“CEDAW for Change” Institute: May 24 – 31, 2014 in Toronto, Canada. Weekend workshop on the UN human rights system (May 24-25), followed by a five-day intensive on CEDAW (May 27-31). Details are online here.

International Women’s Human Rights Education Institute 2014 August 4 – 15, 2014 in Kathmandu, Nepal. Course limited to 30 students– First come, first served. Application period starts January 1, 2014.  Details are online here.

Master of Health Science (MHSc) in Bioethics Program at the University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics. Program is course-based, no thesis, 2 years, part-time in modular format for busy professionals. Apply by March 1, 2014.  Details are online here.

SCHOLARSHIPS AND FELLOWSHIPS

Leadership and Advocacy for Women in Africa (LAWA) Fellowship Program, at at Georgetown University in Washington DC.  Application deadline is January 14, 2014. Details are online here.

Visiting Fellows Program at Harvard Law School 2014-15, for human rights scholars or practitioners anywhere in the world. Apply by January 15, 2014.  Details are online here.

Gordon F. Henderson Post doctoral Fellowship  May 2014-May 2015, at The Human Rights Research and Education Centre, University of Ottawa.  Apply by Jan. 31, 2014.  Details are online here.  For more info. call  613-562-5800, ext 3462 or email psimons{at}uottawa.ca.

Columbia Law School – Center for Reproductive Rights Fellowship 2014-2016,  for recent law school graduates interested in careers in teaching law – Deadline has been extended to February 28, 2014.    Details are online here.

JOBS
Links to other employers in the field of Reproductive and Sexual Health Law are online here

TO RECEIVE THESE UPDATES MONTHLY: enter your email address in upper right corner of this webpage, then check your email to confirm the subscription.

Compiled by the Coordinator of the International Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Program, reprohealth*law at utoronto.ca For Program publications and resources, see our website, online here.


Decisions, Guidelines, Courses, Resources, News & Jobs

April 10, 2013

REPROHEALTHLAW-L
April 10, 2013

DECISION

United States:  Emergency Contraception must be made available over-the-counter, without prescription, to women of all ages.
Decision of April 5, 2013,  Tummino et al. v. Hamburg et al.
can be downloaded here.
Initial press release from Center for Reproductive Rights:  online here.
Overview of CRR’s decade-long litigation campaign is online here.

GUIDELINES:

New FIGO guidelines on “Safe Motherhood” published by the FIGO Committee for the Ethical Aspects of Human Reproduction and Women’s Health in the International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 120.3 (March 2013): 312-313, mention: “Where abortion is not against the law, every woman should have the right, after appropriate counseling, to have access to medication or surgical abortion. The healthcare service has an obligation to provide such services as safely as possible. Proper medical and humane treatment should be made available to women who have undergone an unsafe abortion.”

For other FIGO Ethical Guidelines on abortion, contraception and related subjects, in English French and Spanish, click here

 COURSES

[Argentina] Diplomatura en Salud y Derechos Sexuales y Reproductivos (SDSR). Gestión Integral de Políticas, Programas y Servicios, Inicia 18 de abril de 2013, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Spanish course information online.

[US] The Global School on Judicial Enforcement of ESC Rights Course on Health Rights Litigationone-week intensive course, Sept. 16-20, 2013 at Harvard University in Boston, MA, includes reproductive and sexual health;  designed for PhD students, scholars, practitioners (e.g., law, public health, human rights or development), policy-makers and advanced master’s students. The number of participants is restricted, and applications are due to rcantor{at}hsph.harvard.edu  by June 1, 2013.  For application and more course details,
see Current Projects, Item 3(A), here.  

RESOURCES

[abortion: Barbados] “Capturing the Moment: The Barbados Experience of Abortion Law Reform – An Interview with Dame Billie Miller,” by Dame Billie Miller and Nicole Parris in Social and Economic Studies 61.3(Sept 2012) Special Issue on Women’s Reproductive Health and Rights in Select Caribbean Countries (Guest Editors: Taitu Heron and Shakira Maxwell): Article online.

[abortion: Germany and Canada]“ The German Abortion Decisions and the Protective Function in German and Canadian Constitutional Law by Vanessa MacDonnell and Jula Hughes, forthcoming in Osgoode Hall Law Journal (Summer 2013): Text available online.

[abortion: Guyana]  “Legal but Inaccessible: Abortion in Guyana.” by Fred Nunes in Social and Economic Studies 61.3(Sept 2012) Special Issue on Women’s Reproductive Health and Rights in Select Caribbean Countries (Guest Editors: Taitu Heron and Shakira Maxwell):  
Article online.

[abortion, Jamaica]  “Fighting a Losing Battle? Defending Women’s Reproductive Rights in Twenty-First Century Jamaica.” by Shakira Maxwell in Social and Economic Studies 61.3(Sept 2012) Special Issue on Women’s Reproductive Health and Rights in Select Caribbean Countries (Guest Editors: Taitu Heron and Shakira Maxwell):  
Article online.

“Religion, Culture and Tradition: Strengthening Efforts to Eradicate Violence against Women,” by Shareen Gokal and Sandra Dughman Manzur, AWID briefing document for CSW57, contains useful links and summaries of relevant international human rights instruments and discussion of religious justifications for human rights violations. Download from AWID.

[emergency contraception] UN 57th Session of the Commission on the Status of Women agrees to end violence against women and girls, including and the agreed language explicitly calls for accessible and affordable health care services, including emergency contraception, for victims of violence:  Agreed conclusions online.  

[Farsi / Persian resource for Iranian women] 1500-word excerpt from Rebecca Cook’s “State Responsibility for Violations of Women’s Rights,” (1994) has been translated and published in an online open-access journal, Law, Culture and Gender, issue 11, (2013) by the Institute for War and Peace Reporting:   
1500-word excerpt in Farsi (Persian).

“Human Rights and Accountability,” PMNCH Knowledge Summary #23, Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health, 2013:
4-page overview with references.

Jurisprudence on Health and Reproductive Rights, summarized by Center for Justice and International Law (CEJIL)
 in English and  in Spanish

Jurisprudence summaries on gender violence, equality and discrimination, rights of children and adolescents, also by CEJIL:
in English     and in Spanish  

 Other CEJIL Publications, including summaries of Norms in the Inter-American Human Rights System:   in English;   in Spanish

“Religion, Culture and Tradition: Strengthening Efforts to Eradicate Violence against Women,” by Shareen Gokal and Sandra Dughman Manzur, AWID briefing document for CSW57, contains useful links and summaries of relevant international human rights instruments and discussion of religious justifications for human rights violations. Download from AWID.

Reprohealthlaw – Legal commentaries on past decisions and developments are online here.

NEWS:

France’s Free Abortion Law Takes Effect.  Huffington Post article.

[abortion] Indonesia and Pakistan have new hotlines for info about safe medical abortion     ASAP blog post
More info re Pakistan hotline.

Northern Irish women risk jail for using abortion pills.  news report.

Philippines Supreme Court stops implementation of Reproductive Health Law for 120 days. news report.

Philippines needs resolute political support on reproductive health. editorial by Melissa Upreti.

US-focused news, resources, and legal developments are available on Repro Rights Prof Blog.  View or subscribe.

JOBS

Legal Assistant for Europe and Global Advocacy Programs, Center for Reproductive Rights, NY USA, apply by April 18, 2013.  Job details.

Program Associate, Global Legal Program, Center for Reproductive Rights.  Apply by April 13, 2013. Job details.

Links to other employers in the field of Reproductive and Sexual Health Law are online here.

Compiled by the Coordinator of the International Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Program, reprohealth*law at utoronto.ca For Program publications and resources, see our website, online here.
Our Annual Report for 2012 is now online through our homepage.


Decisions, Calls, Education, Resources & News

March 7, 2013

REPROHEALTHLAW-L
March 7, 2013

DECISIONS: 

Costa Rica IVF assisted reproduction decision – now summarized in Spanish by Mónica Arango, Alejandra Cárdenas & María Laura Rojas on the Gender & Law blog from Los Andes University:
Spanish summary       English details from previous blog

Spain: Dr Carlos Morin and his abortion clinic staff absolved of all charges Comments on trial in English.
Decision online in Spanish
News coverage in Spanish

CALLS

Gender Justice Uncovered Awards from Women’s Link Worldwide
Contribute to the Gender Justice Observatory:
Nominate the Best and Worst recent cases that (best) promote gender equality or (worst) perpetuate sexism.    English    Spanish

Calls for Nominations: Darroch Award for Excellence in Sexual and Reproductive Health Research presented by the Guttmacher Institute.  Nomination deadline: Friday, May 17, 2013.  Award details

EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES

Vienna Master of Arts in Human Rights – apply by 14 April 2013.  application information

EVENTS:

“Abortion, motherhood and the medical profession,” U.K. conference, organised jointly by BPAS and RSM. London, England  Wed, 12 June 2013.    Includes session on “Information, Counselling and the Law,” with law professor Sally Sheldon.   Conference details.

RESOURCES

[abortion, Asia]   “Poverty, Food Security, Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights: Integrating and Reinforcing State Responsibilities, Integrating Societal Action” by Dr. Shobha Raghuram et al,  ARROW research report, 2012,  includes abortion   102-page research report

[abortion, Caribbean]: “Women’s Reproductive Health and Rights in Select Caribbean Countries (focuses on Jamaica, Barbados, Trinidad and Tobago and Guyana), by Taitu Heron &  Shakira Maxwell in  Social Economic Studies (Social Sciences Journal of the University of the West Indies) , special issue, 61.3 (September 2012) includes articles on Unsafe Abortion, advocacy and law reform (Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago), Abortion laws and implementation (Guyana and Barbados).   Abstract only at SSRN.

[abortion]: Legal Abortion Levels and Trends by Woman’s Age at Termination, Gilda Sedgh,  Akinrinola Bankole, Susheela Singh and Michelle Eilers,  forthcoming in Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 2013   Early view online

 [abortion, Canada]:  25th Anniversary of Supreme Court judgment R. v. Morgentaler 1988, which depenalized abortion in Canada , panel of key players held at the Faculty of Law, University of Toronto, Jan 28, 2013.  Written summary    14-minute CBC radio excerpt

[abortion, Ireland]:  “Reviewing Ireland’s Abortion Regime,” by Eoin Carolan, University College Dublin – School of Law.  Article online

[abortion, Ireland]   UN Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders, Margaret Sekaggya, Addendum re Mission to Ireland (19-23 Nov, 2012)  A/HRC/22/47/Add.3, discusses impact of Ireland’s restrictive abortion law (paras 79-87, 111) on reproductive healthcare providers, advocates, access to information, and calls Ireland to publicly recognize sexual and repro rights defenders as human rights defenders.  UN HR Mission to Ireland report

[abortion, Mexico City]  “Feminismo, religión y democracia en el proceso de legalización del aborto en la Ciudad de México” (Feminism, Religion and Democracy in the Process of Abortion Legalization in Mexico City) by Alba Ruibal. Estudios, No. 27, pp. 13-26, January-June 2012. 
See English abstract,  or download paper in Spanish.

[abortion, South Africa] “Termination-of-Pregnancy Rights and Foetal Interests in Continued Existence in South Africa: The Choice on Termination of Pregnancy Act 92 of 1996,” by Camilla Pickles. Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal, 15.5 , 2012.  
Abstract and article .  

[abortion, guidance from WHO]   “Updated WHO Guidance on Safe Abortion: Health and Human Rights,”  by Joanna N. Erdman, Teresa DePiñeres & Eszter Kismodi, International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 120 (Feb 2013): 200-203. Abstract and Article

[abortion rights & embryonic research] “Legislating Respect: A Pro-Choice Feminist Analysis of Embryo Research Restrictions in Canada,” by Maneesha Deckha,  compares feminist articulations re right to abortion (bodily integrity and equality) with feminist arguments against the expansive use of embryos in research (commodification and exploitation).  McGill Law Journal 58.1 (2012): 199.   Abstract only.

[misoprostol] WHO recommendations for misoprostol use for obstetric and gynecologic indications,  by Jennifer Tang, Nathalie Kapp, Monica Dragoman, Joao Paulo de Souza  forthcoming, International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics   proofs online

Misoprostol in women’s hands: a harm reduction strategy for unsafe abortion by Alyson Hyman, Kelly Blanchard, Francine Coeytaux, Daniel Grossman, Alexandra Teixeira, in Contraception 87.2 (February 2013): 128-130.   Article online.   

Reproductive rights and the State:  Getting the Birth Control, RU 486, and Morning-After pills and the Gardasil Vaccine to the US Market, by Melissa Haussman (Praeger, 2013).  New book information online

NEWS:

Belarus:  Government restricts exceptions allowing abortion between 12 and 22 weeks to rape victims and women “deprived of paternal rights.”  They removed eight other “social” exceptions previously allowed, including divorce or death of the husband during the pregnancy, unemployment, or already having three or more children.  Abortion continues to be unrestricted in the first twelve weeks of pregnancy and throughout pregnancy for medical indications.
News article in Cyrillic text.   

Canada: PEI – the only Canadian province with no abortion services, but one doctor is providing medical (chemical) abortions.  News article.

German bishops agree that Catholic hospitals can prescribe emergency contraception to rape victims.  News article.

Philippines:  Bishops protest in vain against Reproductive Health Bill, which expands contraceptive access.   Blog article.

US-focused news, resources, and legal developments are available on Repro Rights Prof Blog.  View or subscribe here.
 
JOBS

Links to employers in the field of Reproductive and Sexual Health Law are online here

Compiled by the Coordinator of the International Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Program, reprohealth*law at utoronto.ca For Program publications and resources, see our website, online here.
http://www.law.utoronto.ca/programs-centres/programs/irshl-reproductive-and-sexual-health-law


Court decisions, Events, Fellowships, Resources, News & Jobs

December 19, 2012

REPROHEALTHLAW-L
December 19, 2012

COURT DECISIONS

European Court of Human Rights, Z v. Poland, Application no. 46132/08, Judgment of Nov 13, 2012.  Woman died due to being refused diagnostic care and treatment for disease due to pregnancy, but Court did not find violation of article 2 (right to life).  
Decision online.     Comment from Center for Reproductive Rights  

European Court of Human Rights, I.G. and Others  v.  Slovakia, Application no. 15966/04, Judgment of Nov 13, 2012.  Sterilizations of Roma women without informed consent violated their human rights.  Decision online.      Brief summary by law student

Solomon Islands, High Court:  Regina v. Gua [2012] SBHC 118, 8 October 2012.   Rule exempting husbands from liability for rape on their wives is no longer applicable; it is no longer supported by common law and offensive to modern standards and principles of equality found in international conventions and the Constitution. (based on summary by Interights)    Full text of decision online.

EVENTS

“Sexual Violence in the Recent Conflicts in Libya and Syria: Challenges to Protecting Victims & Protecting Accountability,” organized by the International Human Rights Program,  Faculty of Law, University of Toronto, Canada, Bennett Lecture Hall, on February 8, 2013 (8:30 a.m.-6:00 p.m.).   More information

“Bodies of Law: Women’s Health & Equality” Feminist Legal Studies Conference, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
March 1-2, 2013.     More information

FELLOWSHIPS

Brocher Foundation – 1 to 4 month residencies in 2014 (Bioethics, medical ethics, Law) for researchers (PhD students to Professors) who wish to work on projects on the ethical, legal and social implications for humankind of recent medical research and new technologies.
Overview online.      Fellowship details.  

Erasmus Mundus Master of Bioethics for the academic year 2013-2014, organized by the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (Belgium), Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen (the Netherlands) and the Università degli Studi di Padova (Italy).  Apply by Jan. 15, 2013.  
Program Overview.      Scholarship information

Global Health Fellows,  2013-2014,  O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law at Georgetown University, Washington DC, USA.  Apply by Feb 22, 2013.   Fellowship details.

Women’s Human Rights Education Institute held in Toronto, Canada, May 22 – June 28, 2013 (6 weeks) Apply by Jan 31, 2013.  
Details online.       Scholarship information

RESOURCES

[abortion]   “Harm reduction: A novel approach to addressing unsafe abortion,” editorial in Medical Abortion Matters, Nov 2012   Article online.

[abortion]   “Ireland’s Restrictive Abortion Law – A Threat to Women’s Health and Rights?” by Rie Yoshida, Clinical Ethics 6.4 (Dec 2011): 172-178.   Article online.

[abortion – Latin America]  “ ‘The health exception’: a means of expanding access to legal abortion,” by Ana Cristina González Vélez,   Reproductive Health Matters 40(Dec 2012): 22-9.   Abstract online.

[abortion – Mexico] “On Abortion: Exploring Psychological Meaning and Attitudes in a Sample of Mexican Gynecologists” by Ma. Luisa Marván, Asunción Álvarez del Río and Zaira Campos, Developing World Bioethics, Abstract and early view for subscribers: 22 Nov. 2012

[abortion – Sri Lanka] “Misoprostol and the politics of abortion in Sri Lanka by Ramya Kumar, Reproductive Health Matters 40 (Dec 2012): 166-174.   Abstract online.

[abortion & Catholicism] “The Secret History of Sex, Choice and Catholics,” documentary-style film examines Catholic traditions and teachings on key issues: e.g. abortion & contraception, HIV/AIDS, sex & sexuality, new reproductive health technologies, and religion in public policy.  46-minute film online.  (To watch 2-minute clips on specific topics, scroll down on same page.)

“Abortion and Regret,” by Kate Greasley, Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (2012) : 705-711.  Abstract and Article

[conscience]  “Taking Conscience Seriously,” by Elizabeth Sepper, Virginia Law Review 98 (2012): 101-170.   Abstract and article online. 

[conscience]  “Recognizing Conscience in Abortion Provision,” by Lisa Harris, New England Journal of Medicine 367 (Sept 13 2012): 981-983.  Abstract and article online

[conscientious objection]  “When a Health Professional Refuses: Legal and regulatory limits on conscientious objection to provision of abortion care”  by Patty Skuster, Ipas, Chapel Hill, NC.
16-page Ipas report

Conscience and Conscientious Objection 
list of our publications and projects, with links.

[emergency contraception]  “El Status Jurídico de la Anticoncepción de Emergencia en América Latina” por Martin Hevia.  Texto traducido y reproducido con autorización de la Federación Internacional de Ginecología y Obstetricia (FIGO)   Spanish translation
 — “The Legal Status of Emergency Contraception in Latin America,” by Martin Hevia, International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 116 (2012): 87-90. English original

Emergency contraception: The story of a global reproductive health technology –  in 14 countries: Australia, Bangladesh, Britain, Chile, Canada, Jamaica, Lebanon, Mexico, Morocco, Nigeria, Tunisia, Thailand-Burma border, United States.   Publisher’s Information

Emergency Contraception
list of our publications and projects, with links.

[HIV+ pregnancy] “Pregnancy decisions of women living with HIV,” ed. Sofia Gruskin and Marge Berer, Supplement to Reproductive Health Matters 39 (Dec 2012), now available.   Table of Contents.

“International Human Rights Law: Towards Rethinking Sex/Gender Dualism and Asymmetry,” by Dianne L. Otto,  in A Research Companion to Feminist Legal Theory, M. Davies and V. Munro (eds.), forthcoming, Ashgate 2013.  Abstract and article online.

NEWS:

Colombia opens first abortion clinic – News article

Costa Rica: petition campaign to help “Aurora,” woman suffering with a nonviable fetus to have therapeutic abortion (supposedly legal in Costa Rica).  More information and call to action

Ireland:  Savita Halappanavar, a 31-year old dentist from India, denied termination during incomplete miscarriage at 17-weeks, died in University Hospital Gallway last month.  News article.

Ireland: Another Irish abortion scandal emerges: The Irish Government has paid substantial compensation to a cancer victim, Michelle Harte, endangered by pregnancy, refused abortion and cancer treatment, could not travel for abortion until it was too late.  Her lawyers sued last year for infringing her rights under the A B & C decision.  News article.

Ireland: Government pledges to allow abortions in life-threatening cases, including suicide risk  News article    Analysis

Luxemburg has adopted abortion on request within 12 weeks, Nov. 22, 2012,  Parliament voted 39 : 21 to change its abortion law of 1978.   After 12 weeks, abortion is legal for medical reasons.  
News article in German.

Mexico – interactive computer game, released by Ipas Mexico, provides youth with info on medical abortion.   Press release

Philippines: Reproductive Health bill approved on second reading in Congress 113-104 (Dec 12, 2012).  News article

Philippines:  Senate votes 13-8 for RH Bill on third and final reading (Dec. 17, 2012)  News article.  

Safe and unsafe induced abortions – global and regional levels 2008 and trends 1995-2008.   8-page WHO Information sheet.

Unsafe abortion incidence and mortality – Global and regional levels in 2008 and trends.   8-page WHO Information sheet

US-focused news, resources, and legal developments are available on Repro Rights Prof Blog.  View or subscribe.

JOBS

Program Officer, Law and Health Initiative & Sexual Health and Rights Project,  The Open Society Foundations, New York, NY, USA.  Apply by Dec. 31, 2012.   Job details.

Links to other employers in the field of Reproductive and Sexual Health Law are online here
—————
Compiled by the Coordinator of the International Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Program, reprohealth*law at utoronto.ca     
For Program publications and resources, see our website here.